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Best Cities for Quality of Life

quality of life

by on August 26, 2014

Looking to improve your quality of life? Consider moving.

A new study by NerdWallet found that some U.S. cities seem to offer a better overall lifestyle than other places. We looked at income and health benefits, local economic strength, as well as work-life balance to find the best places for quality of life.

We may need the help. Recent research by a Cornell University professor found greater levels of chronic stress in low-income families who live in adverse conditions, which leads to lower levels of cognitive stimulation for children in those neighborhoods. Therefore, it’s clear that stress stemming from income, employment and poverty can severely affect one’s well-being.

Working too much can also be a great source of stress, yet a recent study revealed 41% of American workers will not use all of their paid time off this year.

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To determine the best cities for quality of life, we analyzed some common sources of stress:

  1. Income, affordability and health benefits: Income, cost of living and health insecurity can be a great source of stress, so we included median annual rent as a percentage of median earnings for full-time, year-round workers in addition to percentage of population with health insurance coverage.
  2. Local economy: We looked at the percentage of people with income below the poverty level and the local unemployment rate.
  3. Work-life balance: We included mean weekly hours worked as well as mean travel time to work to see where people work fewer hours and spend less time commuting.

Some notable findings include:

  • Of the top 10 cities, six are in the Midwest, including two each from Minnesota and Nebraska. Strong local economies and high rates of affordability helped these cities’ rankings.
  • In the top 10 cities, an average of 22.8% of income goes to rent, while rent costs take up 27.1% of the average income across all cities.
  • 87.5% of people in the top 10 cities have health insurance coverage compared to 81.4% elsewhere in the U.S.
  • The average unemployment rate for the top 10 places is 4.8%, lower than the nationwide rate of 6.2%.

To view the full ranking of all 100 cities and download the data, click here.

For more information on how affordable it is to live in each of these places, check out NerdWallet’s cost of living calculator. For similar studies and more, visit NerdWallet Cities.

1. Madison, Wisconsin

If you’re looking to improve your quality of life, consider moving to Madison. The city offers a great work-life balance, high affordability and health insurance coverage rates, and a low unemployment rate. At the center of the city lies the largest public university in the state, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, which focuses on “improving the quality of life for all” in its mission statement.

2. Lincoln, Nebraska

Lincoln offers a low cost of living (just 20.6% of the average income goes to rent, which is lower than the country’s 27.1% average) as well as one of the lowest unemployment rates of any metropolitan city in the U.S. This city is also home to the largest university in the state, the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, which contributes to the local workforce and strengthens the local economy.

3. Minneapolis, Minnesota

Workers in Minneapolis enjoy a healthy work-life balance, a relatively low cost of living and high rates of health coverage. The city also boasts a vibrant culture with a strong arts scene: Minneapolis is home to the second-highest number of live theaters per capita in the U.S. after New York City. The University of Minnesota, one of the largest public universities in the nation, is located in Minneapolis, which helps boost the local economy.

4. St. Paul, Minnesota

St. Paul offers the same attractive qualities to workers as Minneapolis, its twin city, scoring especially highly in the income, affordability and health insurance coverage factors. Outside of the office, people here can enjoy many cultural and outdoor amenities, including performing arts centers, parks and more. The city also boasts 26 miles of Mississippi riverfront, the most of any city on the river.

5. Omaha, Nebraska

Workers in Omaha enjoy a work-life balance with a relatively low number of average weekly hours worked and short commutes. The major industries in Omaha include service, trade, transportation and finance. Local universities such as the University of Nebraska Omaha and Creighton University also help contribute to the low unemployment rate in the region.

6. Buffalo, New York

People working in Buffalo spend less than 36 hours a week at the office, much lower than most other cities in the country. About 21.9% of their paychecks go to rent every year, which is a relatively low figure that signifies a lower cost of living than in many other large cities. The top industries in the region are finance, technology, health care and education, while the largest university, University at Buffalo, part of the State University of New York system, is renowned for its research programs.

7. Lexington, Kentucky

Lexington boasts a lower mean number of weekly hours worked and average commute times to go with its relatively low poverty rate. The top employer in the city is also the largest college in the state, the University of Kentucky.

8. Lubbock, Texas

If your commute to work stresses you out, Lubbock might be the place for you. The average travel time to work is just 15.5 minutes, the lowest of all 100 cities studied. Texas Tech University is located in Lubbock, and in addition to contributing to the local workforce with its graduates, the college also is the largest employer in the region.

9. Fort Wayne, Indiana

People in Fort Wayne enjoy a great deal of affordability: only 19% of residents’ paychecks go to rent, which is the lowest of all 100 cities. Residents can use their time away from work to enjoy the city’s many cultural attractions — from its museums to annual events like the Three Rivers Festival every summer.

10. Fremont, California

Located in the southeast region of the San Francisco Bay Area, Fremont is home to the lowest rate of poverty of all of our 100 cities — only 6.7% of residents earn an income below the poverty level. Major employers in the city include the Fremont Unified School District, Tesla and Western Digital. Fremont is also home to Ohlone College as well as an extension campus of the University of California-Berkeley.

Top 20 Cities for Quality of Life

Rank City Median annual rent as percentage of median income Percent of population with health insurance coverage Percent of people with income below poverty level Unemployment rate Mean weekly hours worked Mean travel time to work (minutes) Overall Quality of Life Score
1 Madison, Wisconsin 23.08% 92.90% 19.60% 4.30% 35.4 19.0 86.28
2 Lincoln, Nebraska 20.55% 88.00% 14.60% 3.30% 37.6 17.9 83.61
3 Minneapolis, Minnesota 21.60% 87.80% 22.70% 4.50% 36.6 22.7 76.08
4 St. Paul, Minnesota 22.87% 88.60% 22.40% 4.50% 36.7 22.6 75.86
5 Omaha, Nebraska 23.94% 85.30% 18.10% 4.10% 38.0 18.2 75.76
6 Buffalo, New York 21.93% 90.80% 30.90% 6.00% 35.9 20.9 73.58
7 Lexington-Fayette urban county, Kentucky 20.98% 87.30% 17.70% 6.40% 37.6 19.1 73.57
8 Lubbock, Texas 27.26% 82.00% 24.70% 4.50% 37.1 15.5 73.07
9 Fort Wayne, Indiana 19.00% 82.60% 19.20% 5.60% 37.5 19.9 72.80
10 Fremont, California 26.67% 90.80% 6.70% 5.20% 37.7 30.4 72.66
11 Toledo, Ohio 19.76% 85.90% 30.10% 6.00% 36.2 19.4 72.44
12 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 22.59% 90.20% 21.10% 5.50% 37.5 23.2 72.34
13 Seattle, Washington 23.61% 89.00% 13.60% 5.00% 38.1 25.9 72.23
14 Honolulu, Hawaii 35.77% 92.80% 12.40% 4.50% 38.6 21.7 72.07
15 Wichita, Kansas 21.17% 83.70% 17.90% 5.40% 38.6 17.8 71.70
16 Portland, Oregon 23.90% 85.40% 17.70% 6.10% 36.7 24.2 71.06
17 Raleigh, North Carolina 24.96% 85.50% 16.40% 5.20% 38.9 20.8 69.16
18 Boston, Massachusetts 29.31% 95.00% 21.60% 5.20% 37.2 29.8 68.68
19 Chesapeake, Virginia 28.43% 90.80% 10.70% 5.90% 38.9 25.3 68.39
20 Colorado Springs, Colorado 24.79% 85.60% 14.40% 6.70% 38.6 20.8 67.65

Methodology

The overall score for each city was calculated from the following measures:

  1. Mean weekly hours worked from the 2012 U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey.
  2. Mean travel time to work from the 2012 U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey.
  3. Median annual rent as percentage of median income from the 2012 U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey.
  4. Percentage of population with health insurance coverage from the 2012 U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey.
  5. Percentage of people with income below the poverty level from the 2012 U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey.
  6. Unemployment rate of the metropolitan area from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

All six variables were weighted equally. The study analyzed the 100 largest U.S. cities.

Quality of life image via Shutterstock.

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  • Robert Hoffman

    San Diego CA. has the best quality of life. But don’t tell everyone because we don’t want you.

    • ty

      No, it doesn’t. Read the article again.

  • JCS

    It seems the most important factor in determining the best quality of life city is the percent of the population with health care coverage. Funny too, that Detroit came in as 13th worst, right next to Dallas at 12th worst. Another dumb survey the media will use as a filler piece.

  • Robert Hoffman

    TY yes it is . I live here.

  • Shieryl

    The median annual rent of median income for BATON ROUGE, LA is
    incorrect. We searched and searched for a DECENT place (lower crime in
    the neighborhood) that was within 25% of income. We ended up paying
    29.2% of our total income. This amount is not in one of the best
    apartment buildings at all. That percentage of rent would be far more
    here!!