The Future of Claims Disputes - NerdWallet

The Future of Claims Disputes

The Future of Claims Disputes

Imagine it’s 1999, and you’ve been rear-ended in your car. Chances are, you don’t have a cell phone, so you or the other driver may have to find a pay phone to call the police. Later, you’ll have to get an adjuster to assess your damage, file your claim and wait for a check to come in the mail. Technology has already changed the insurance claim process for the better. Most major insurers now have online claim forms, and if your claim is approved, you can have the amount direct-deposited into your bank account.

New technologies – including video conferencing and telematics, which are “black boxes” attached to cars that record speed and other information – have the potential to make the claims process even smoother, especially when there’s a dispute. Unfortunately, they also come with privacy concerns. So, how can companies and customers best use new technologies to their advantage – and how can they avoid the pitfalls?

What technologies could change claims?

The Internet has certainly made the claims process quicker and more convenient, but when it comes to claims disputes, mobile technologies could be the real game changers. The rise of cell phone cameras and apps for video conferencing, like Skype, can offer agents and adjusters immediate access to accident scenes and weather damage.

Jason Cass, owner/agent with JDC Insurance Group in Centralia, Illinois, notes, “The quicker you can get to the scene, the more information you can gather. Evidence is important.”

Telematics devices are currently promoted by some insurance companies. Large insurers like Progressive and Allstate use them to gather data about customer driving behavior – including speed, braking habits, driving distances and GPS data – and provide discounts, if users prove to be less risky than average. Of course, this data could also be valuable in the event of a crash.

According to Peter Kochenburger, the executive director of the Insurance Law Center at the University of Connecticut School of Law, “If you can determine a driver’s exact speed and turns, that’s probably more accurate than skid marks, and certainly eyewitnesses.”

How can data benefit companies and consumers?

Mobile technologies allow information to be gathered and transmitted more rapidly – a boon for consumers waiting on claims checks.

“It’s about efficiency and simplicity,” Cass says. “Our generation demands that.”

Moreover, the ability to record details right on the scene greatly reduces the possibility of fraud, both at the scene and after the fact. This has obvious benefits for companies. If an adjuster isn’t able to view the damage for several days, there’s always the possibility that drivers could receive additional damage and try to get it covered.

But, as Cass points out, it also benefits clients: “There are so many times you’ll hear your client call back and say the other person changed their story, even though they were standing right there. With mobile technology, you can record what’s going on so these sorts of things don’t happen.”

Cass also notes that technologies like video conferencing return some of the “personal touch” that online claims processes are lacking.

“Video conferencing helps you see information that you miss in email, like expression and tone,” he says. “It’s just one small technology, but it would definitely enhance the situation.”

While mobile technologies can finalize claims more quickly – before anyone can change their story telematics devices help insurance companies draw from a more complete set of facts when they make claims decisions.

Says Kochenburger, “GPS data gives insurers a more accurate sense of what actually happened, and can help determine fault. It will likely make it harder to argue with their conclusions.”

Likewise, it may become the deciding vote in a driver vs. driver dispute.

Even outside of an accident situation, Kochenburger suggests that telematics devices might help drivers make better decisions: “Drivers can gather information about their driving habits they might never have known before. Say you take Route A to work, and your insurance company thinks Route C is slightly safer. It could prevent accidents from happening in the first place.”

He adds, “For society as a whole, the more accurate information you have about an event that has consequences, that’s good.”

What are the drawbacks of increased claims data?

Of course, the more information a technology can gather about driving habits, the more information it can gather in general. And while video conferencing and similar technologies can be turned on and off – and used to gather information only at the scene of an accident – telematics devices gather information continuously, regardless if drivers are doing anything unsafe. This has raised the ire of privacy advocates.

Kochenburger believes there are reasons for concern, but the big privacy debates are still ahead. For now, he explains, “the technology is completely optional. That doesn’t end the privacy debate, but right now, a relatively small number of drivers have telematics devices in their cars.”

Issues could crop up if insurers gain the ability to mandate directly devices, or if premiums skyrocket – and telematics users earn major discounts: “If it’s not required, but the only feasible way to afford the insurance is to have a telematics device, privacy issues become much more important. In the future, drivers might not be able to afford the trade-off between protecting their privacy and obtaining the necessary insurance to drive.” The number of telematics users is also expected to increase quickly in future years, whether or not the devices are mandated.

The fact that insurance is required for almost all drivers also makes telematics devices – and the discounts based on them – ethically tricky.

Kochenburger notes, “There are advantages to individualizing premiums. There’s a sense of fairness that the riskier pay more. On the other hand, what if 30% of drivers are now going to be charged more because of their driving habits? We still want them to be able to drive to work. My concern is that big data can run counter to the one of the essential purposes of insurance, which is to shift and spread risk.”

While there are few downsides for insurance companies, when it comes to telematics, customers may want to weigh the risks. The data could save them time and money in the event of a crash, but it could also raise their premiums if their insurer has misgivings about their driving.

When will these technologies arrive?

In some cases, they’re already here. Insurers have yet to adopt the dedicated, Skype-enabled claims lines that Cass recommends, but he suspects they’re coming soon, especially for larger companies. Still, many drivers now have smartphones and can shoot video and photos on the scene. And telematics devices are available from several big-name insurers, though, as Kochenburger notes, they’re strictly voluntary for now. Those who have them, and smaller-scale GPS devices, can use them as evidence in court.

However, in Kochenburger’s opinion, this raises other issues. Telematics data can be difficult to interpret, requiring a computer scientist or other specialist, and again, there are privacy concerns to balance: “In a legal dispute, there has to be some symmetry of information. Anyone can talk to a witness or get the police report, but will an opposing party have access to another driver’s black box?”

There are still practical and legal hurdles to be surmounted before data from mobile and telematics devices can be used in all claims disputes. However, for better or worse, it seems inevitable.

Men exchanging information after car accident image via Shutterstock.

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  • Brian

    They didn’t terminate it. They just change it to an Arco Discover Debit card. I’ve had mine for over a month now.

    • NerdWallet

      Thanks for the note Brian. It looks like they are offering the Discover cards in place of the current MasterCards, for existing card holders. However, their site no longer offers users the opportunity to apply for either a MasterCard or Discover.

      I’ve updated the post accordingly.

      • Scott Krier

        Well, I signed on to the Mastercard program in October. Finally got it approved and discovered in January that ARCO stations were no longer accepting my card. I WAS NOT automatically transferred to a Discover. I’ve just had to apply for a new Optipay card.

    • Steve

      HSBC claimed they emailed me, but I never received an email, and as I told them, this was an important enough issue that they should have ALSO sent letters out to their customers. Idiots.

      I did call 800-322-ARCO and the Customer Service rep I talked to confirmed that they are switching to another bank and will be offering Arco-branded debit cards. I hope the rewards program is better than the joke offered through HSBC; I only used my OptiPay debit card to avoid the ATM fee at AM/PM stores.

      I haven’t received the new card, and am calling the new bank to find out why. For anyone else in the same situation, if you want to find out what’s going on with your NEW debit card, call 800-286-2273.

      • Steve

        Whoops! I should have said “will be offering Arco-branded Discover debit cards”.

    • Vrbaetim

      I have an ARCO Discover debit card and it was discontinued like everyone else. 7 months ago, Hmmm, you better check again.

  • Mark

    Interesting. My Arco Debit Card was simply deactivated. I never received any notices that they were replacing it with an Arco Discover Debit Card. In fact, they’re not even promoting the new card at the Arco I normally go to. I did find the website promoting the new card, however. It’s at

    • Steve

      Awesome, thanks. But they don’t give any details about the reward program :(

    • Karla

      My original debit was simply deactivated without notice and the new discover debit card arrived. Not letter explaining the switch. I was notified by the appearance of a new card.:o)

  • Steve

    OK, I called and talked to Customer Service, and got some details about the new card.

    (Incidentally, I SHOULD have automatically received a new card, but the rep couldn’t find me in the system and said my info must not have been transferred over by HSBC. I believe that. Idiots.)

    With the old card, you had to rack up 5000 points to receive $5. 5 is .1% of 5000, and you actually had to accumulate 5000 points before getting the money.

    With the new card you get .25% on signature purchases anywhere besides ARCO and AM/PM (you didn’t get rewards points for ARCO purchases on the old card, either).

    But the big deal about the Discover card is this: the reward money is deposited automatically into your account every 3 months and you are eligible to receive the rewards as soon as you start making purchases. No more waiting to accumulate 5000 points.

    The new program seems like a a much better deal, and much more consumer-friendly, than the old one. Of course, Discover cards aren’t accepted as widely as Mastercards are , but I do a lot of my shopping at Wal-mart and they DO accept Discover, so I am probably going to get myself one of the new cards.

  • Susan

    I found another way to get discounts at gas stations (and other places), I buy discounted gift cards. The gas ones can be hard to get, but they do pop up. Just sign up for the gift card exchange’s website emails and they’ll notify you when your favorite cards come in. Gotta be fast, but it works!

    • Steve

      I’m glad you posted this. Too much work for me, though. I applied for the new Arco Discover debit card, and I can see on (my bank’s website) that they’ve already put the $0.01 test transaction through, with the activation code, so I expect I’ll receive the new card shortly.

    • NerdWallet

      Thanks for the recommendation Susan. I’ve used that tactic before to get discounts on electronics and clothes with and, but it never even occurred to me to try for gas!

  • Dale

    I got the new debit card and went on line to activate it. It did not work for it said I would get an email and did not ever get. I retried a couple of times from even another computer and it still not work. I then called directly and they said they would send me an email to use to activate it. The email never came. I will try to call one more time.

  • john

    Trying to log into website to track my spending on new discover card. Keep getting old card info and the customer service dept. are idiots! Any one know new website?

  • Steve

    and if you’re trying to reach HSBC, they WON’T know anything, and it isn’t their fault. :)

    Tempo is the company administering the Discover Debit card.

  • Robert

    I just was notified today by email that Arco is terminating the Arco Discover card program as of 7/21/2011. That’s twice now within one year. What gives?

    • Mmmartinez333

      i know i just got my notice disppointed…

  • hbguy

    ditto, what gives?~~  finding no explanation on the search or arco sites..

  • mad

    sucks because I use it to fill my scooter and at $4 fillup the .45cent fee on my normal card makes it expensive to use a debit card

  • azindn

    Got my notice via email today and no information of a future card program. This is the second Arco card program change this year.  I have to commute daily for grad school and the cheapest gas has been Arco for my student budget. Drat!

    • Mmmartinez333

      I hope a new one comes out soon

    • Tim

      If you want to find cheaper gas on your commute, check out our discount gas finder tool:

      It’ll help you find the best deal on gas, inclusive of credit card rewards or cash discounts…

    • bubbajoe-jimbob

      Get a scooter.  :)  (See the really bad joke in there?  Grad student…scooter?…Nevermind)

  • Phylis

    Unbelieveable, ARCO is a mess.  Discover was a little better with a higher $100 limit than their prior $75 transaction limit but both were far too low.  With gas and diesel prices where they are it costs well over $100 to fill my truck, but killling the program and forcing people to carry cash and fiddle with those absurd cash machines that rarely work and do not make change is the highth of stupidity and arrogance.  Like all the oil companies they think they are god.  The customers that do not go else where can expect longer lines and slower service as everyone fiddles with cash and waits for change to save a couple of cents or you can pay their userous transaction fee.  Brain dead management at the top but nothing new there.  Screw ARCO…

    • Vrbaetim

      You get change by going inside where it’s more secure. Big Deeaal. You only wait in line once instead of twice like before the card. My station has fast service so it depends on the individual station. Still, I miss the the card . And note that ARCO doesn’t buy foreign oil, from what I’m told.



  • Shannon

    WTF?  I never got any notification that the discover/arco card was being discontinued and I work for the company!!!! Jesus!!!

  • Stoll2001

    No notice delivered to me.  I went to use the card and at one place it said they needed to call. At 2 other places including ARCO it said it did not recognize the card. Of course  BofA would be partially involved.

  • Ctnjunkmail

    Where is that notification.  Its rather embarrassing to stand at the pump and get rejected.  I guess ARCO no longer wants my business since I see no reason to pay .45 for the privilege of using a credit card there.  I’ll use my creditg card at any of a dozen stations close, which co-incidentally have gas at the same price or cheaper.

  • drew

    no notification here except having the card come up as declined the last few days….nice customer service you money grubbing bastards

  • Bill

    ARCO you discontinued the dicover card without a single notification, you lost a good cutomer dumb ass!!!!!!!!.

  • Jennifer Thieme

    $0.45 wasn’t much of a reward, I will grant you that. But for people like me who don’t want to use credit cards, the convenience of the ARCO Discover Debit was certainly better than paying cash. 

  • Bossrpss

    never heard anything about the card being discontinued embarrassing putting your card in the machine and the machine reads card declined use another card they could have atleast sent out a notice in advance what kind of business is Arco conducting

  • Frank

    should my arco/discover gas   card still good

  • N J Brown

    I sure hope ARCO figures it all out and we get another type of card soon.  I don’t like having to carry that much cash around. . .
    Nancy J

  • Thenapps70

    Blame this fuk’d up Obama & Dems administration. I loved the program & it bought me a couple of days float. That’s important whyen retired & living on SS. Sometimes a day or two makes the difference between food or not. Get rid of this asshole & his cronies in DC………….

    • Mrwick

      What the hell does DC and Dems have to do with the card being canceled?  Maybe the republicans will cut your SS and that will make you happy.

      • JD

        Hello Durbin and other dems.. fixed the banks with… “The Durbin Amendment, a last-minute addition to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, has sparked fierce debate.” Think, look, know before you click like and cast hate against SS collectors. You have probably fought for your right to speak English as a opposed to german, aka. WWII. Why aren’t you Mrwick and the 4 likers not on Wall Street crying and wimpering about all that this great country has given you. America may not be perfect but we’re the best the planet has had since every Greek cast their vote with a stone (but then women had no stones to cast so there is that).

  • Steve

    Good article, really poor client services from the Discover/Arco crapper-card.  I used it infrequently because my area has 2 good stations competing all the time on price and services.  I didn’t know what happened, but you’ve helped me see the story behind the curtains. 

    Thank you for your time and your excellent writeup of what actually happened.

  • Lapry

    I never got a notice of cancellation of the debit card! I only received the card a short time ago. I’ve been using ARCO gas since it was Richfield. Not any more – instead of carrying large amounts of cash, I will use my other gas cards: Chevron, Union 76, etc. etc.

  • Anonymous

    No notice to me either…simply a card that never worked…and I was already stopped at the station…sucky customer service, if you ask me.

  • JD

    OMG quit whining for a while ARCO saved us money on gas and the 45 cents banks charge. Banks should not be a part of anyway. Blame the banks. ARCO still gives us gas the cheapest. Even with 45 cents fiqured in it is cheaper. Blame your Dems in DC who have help banks charge up to $ 5 when using debit card with the…

    The Durbin Amendment, a last-minute addition to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, has sparked fierce debate.

    For the BofA Customers: Bank of America has announced that they will start charging $5 per month for those who use their debit cards for purchases, blaming it on Durbin

  • Will Everly

    The Arco Debit Mastercard had some cool features such as the ability to get up to $300 out of an ATM, while the Discover version was somewhat less featured. In both cases the back end support was lacking, but I like the idea of the usage at Arco with no fee for small purchases. I simply don’t carry cash as I want a receipt for everything.

  • kenny cee

    I don’t use ARCO Gas anyway. I found out the mileage from ARCO gas is way less than the better brands. I was getting 24-25 miles per gallon with ARCO in my KIA. Switching to 76, Shell or Chevron had improved my gas mileage up 4 miles to the gallon to 28 MPG. Save a dime and get less mileage is not so good. (4 miles X 7 gallons = 28 miles, 7gollons X 10 cents = .70 cents for that gallon. Do the math. Also change your plugs to the iridium plugs I gained 2 more miles to the gallon above mfg’s listed gas mileage. (Mfg’s 28 mpg- mine 30 mpg. Thake it to the bank

    • Robert

      Sorry to burst your bubble but all gasoline is refined at the same place. The gas is the same at every station as it comes from the same refiner/wholesaler. The only difference, if you can even call it that, is the retail gas companies place an additive in their gas. It is a very small portion. For example, Chevron uses the Techron additive and I believe Shell uses an STP additive. So go figure why you see any sort of difference unless your comparing regular to premium…