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Electric cars now drive farther, charge faster and come in nearly every price range.
But when GMC began promoting its Hummer EV pickup truck and Ford its F-150 Lightning, it became even clearer that electric cars are primed to go mainstream.
Once the domain of environmentalists, then early adopters, EVs may soon have even truck bros kicking the gasoline habit.
With many models now available or coming soon — including a knockoff of the lovable Volkswagen Microbus — you may be wondering if it’s finally time to buy or lease an EV.
Here are the essential questions to answer before you do.
(Full disclosure: I'm a convert myself after six years and 70,000 gas-free miles.)
1. Can you afford an electric car?
EVs tend to be pricy to buy but can be more affordable to lease. Finding federal, state and local government incentives can also reduce sticker shock. And, even if the monthly payment is higher than a comparable gas car, operating costs are lower.
Gas vehicles cost an average of $3,356 per year to fuel, tax and insure, while electric cost just $2,722, according to a study by Self Financial. Find out how much you can save with the Department of Energy calculator.
» MORE: How to Buy an Electric Car
2. How far do you need to drive on a single charge?
Although almost 60% of all car trips in America were less than 6 miles in 2017, according to the Department of Energy, the phrase “range anxiety” scared many would-be early adopters.
Teslas became popular in part because they offered 250 miles of range. But the range of many EVs between charges is now over 200 miles; even the modestly priced Chevrolet Bolt can travel 259 miles on a single charge.
Still, EVs have a “road trip problem,” according to Josh Sadlier, director of content strategy for car site Edmunds.com. “If you like road trips, you almost have to have two cars — one for around town and one for longer trips,” he says.
3. Where will you charge it?
If you live in an apartment without a charging station, this could be a deal breaker.
The number of public chargers increased by 60% worldwide in 2019, according to the International Energy Agency. While these stations — some of which are free — are more available, most EV owners install a home station for faster charging.
EVs can be charged by plugging into a common 120-volt household outlet, but it’s slow. To speed up charging, many EV owners wind up buying a 240-volt charging station and having an electrician install it for a total cost of $1,200, according to the home remodeling website Fixr.
4. What will you use the car for?
While there are a few luxury electric SUVs on the market, most EVs are smaller sedans or hatchbacks with limited cargo capacity. However, the coming wave of electric cars are more versatile, including vans, such as the Microbus, and trucks, such as the F-150 Lightning, the electric version of the popular Ford F-150 pickup.
5. Do you enjoy performance?
This is where EVs really shine. According to automotive experts, electric cars beat their gas counterparts in these ways:
Immediate response with great low-end acceleration, particularly in the 0-30 mph range.
Sure-footed handling due to the heavy battery mounted under the car, giving it a low center of gravity.
No “shift shock” from changing gears in a conventional gas car’s transmission.
Little noise except from the wind and tires.
Once you consider the big questions, here are other reasons to make an electric car your next choice:
Reduced environmental guilt. There is a persistent myth that EVs simply move the emissions from the tailpipe to the power generating station. Yes, producing electricity produces emissions, but many EV owners charge at night when much of the electricity would otherwise be unused. According to research published by the BBC, electric cars reduce emissions by an average of 70%, depending on where people live.
Less time refueling. It takes only seconds to plug in at home, and the EV will recharge while you’re doing other things. No more searching for gas stations and standing by as your tank gulps down gasoline.
No oil changes. Dealers like a constant stream of drivers coming in for oil changes so they can upsell other services. EVs have fewer moving parts and require fewer trips to the dealership for maintenance.
Carpool lanes and other perks. Check your state regulations to see if an EV gets you access to the carpool lane, free parking or other special advantages.
Enjoy the technology. Yes, EVs are more expensive, but they also tend to offer top-of-the-line comfort, safety features and technology compared with their gas counterparts.