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Your local credit union should be your first stop for borrowing money, especially if you have a fair or poor credit score (below 690). Credit union personal loans often have benefits over other lenders, including:
Typically lower interest rates.
More flexible terms.
Loan officers willing to consider factors beyond your credit score.
How a credit union personal loan works
Credit unions are not-for-profit financial organizations that serve members who live, study, work or worship in a particular area. They are controlled by members, who elect volunteer board members to oversee the organization.
If you meet the credit union’s requirements, you typically pay a one-time membership fee and a deposit of up to $25. You need to become a member before you apply for a loan.
Many credit unions offer both unsecured and secured personal loans. Both types of loans carry fixed rates, and the rate you’ll get depends on your credit score, credit history, income and debts.
A low credit score alone won’t disqualify you from getting a loan. Credit unions also consider your whole financial picture, including your credit history and standing as a member with the credit union, when reviewing your loan application. Still, a good score will get you a lower rate than someone with bad credit, so it pays to know your score.
Credit unions come in many sizes, so the application process, approval criteria, rates and other aspects of a personal loan vary. Some allow online-only applications; others may require you to start the application online and visit a branch to complete paperwork.
» MORE: Compare credit unions
Credit union personal loan rates
There are two types of credit unions: federally chartered and state-chartered.
At federal credit unions, annual percentage rates on most types of loans are capped at 18%. Your credit union may choose to charge an application fee that isn't part of the annual percentage rate.
Over the past five years, federal credit union loan APRs on three-year loans have averaged 9.29%, while banks charge 10.18%, according to data from the National Credit Union Administration.
State-chartered credit unions have charged an average APR on loans with all term lengths of 11.43% over the past five years, according to economists with the Credit Union National Association.
Credit union vs. online lender
Some banks also offer personal loans, but they typically give the lowest rates only to those with excellent credit profiles. Online lenders offer loans for bad credit borrowers, but they don’t always consider your overall financial picture.
There are some downsides to personal loans from a credit union. Many credit unions and banks alike conduct a hard credit check on applications — which can cause a small temporary dip in your credit score — while online lenders typically perform soft credit checks to see if you pre-qualify for a loan.
Credit unions also may not have the online or mobile banking technology you would get from a bank or online lender.
But loans from credit unions tend to be cheaper than those from online lenders, especially for borrowers with bad credit scores. The average rate online lenders charged to customers with fair credit scores (from 630 to 689) is 21.8%, according to NerdWallet’s survey of lender rates.
Payday alternative loans
Some federal credit unions offer payday alternative loans, which are small installment loans regulated by the NCUA.
Credit unions that offer these loans often don’t look only at a borrower’s credit score, but instead consider their income and ability to repay.
As of December 2019, federally chartered credit unions can offer two types of payday alternative loans, known as PALs I and PALs II.
PALs I was the original type of payday alternative loan. According to the NCUA, these loans:
Are between $200 and $1,000.
Have a repayment term of 1 to 6 months.
Have a maximum application fee of $20.
Come with a maximum APR of 28%.
Require a person to be a credit union member for a month before getting one.
Are available up to three times in a rolling six-month period.
PALs II is the newer of the two loans. These loans have similar rules, with the following exceptions:
They can be any amount up to $2,000.
They have a minimum term of one month and a maximum term of 12 months.
They can be taken out immediately after a person establishes membership with the credit union.
A borrower can’t have both types of loans at the same time.
If you’re already a member and you can withstand a temporary hit to your credit score, a credit union may get you the cheapest loan. NerdWallet recommends comparing loans from multiple lenders.
You can pre-qualify with multiple online lenders on NerdWallet and compare your estimated rate with one from your credit union.