Forgetting to make a credit card payment might seem like a simple mistake, but it can lead to fees and interest and even lower credit scores. One easy way to make sure you never forget again? Set up automatic payments to come directly out of your bank account every month.
Here’s why you should consider doing it and how the process works.
Benefits of automating payments
A forgotten payment can lead to a domino effect of negative consequences:
- In addition to a late fee, which can be up to $27 for a first-time offense, interest on the credit card balance continues to accrue.
- Late payments can also lead to a higher interest rate on your credit card, known as a penalty APR.
- If a payment is more than 30 days overdue, the credit card issuer may report it to the credit bureaus, which can lower your credit scores. That, in turn, affects your ability to take out other lines of credit, such as mortgages or auto loans.
- If you’re more than 180 days overdue on a payment, the debt might be charged off, meaning the card issuer writes off the debt and may hand the account over to a collection agency to pursue. A charge-off stays on your credit report for seven years.
All of those headaches can be avoided by automating payments to ensure you don’t forget to pay.
A forgotten payment can lead to a domino effect of negative consequences, including a late fee, interest and potentially even a dent in your credit scores.
Still, automatic payments aren’t for everyone, and there are some potential downsides (see “what to watch out for” below). But the process can also save cardholders the hassle of forgetting to make a payment.
How to set up automatic payments
The process varies by card issuer. But in general, you can log in to your credit card account online or through the app and walk through a series of steps to connect a separate bank account and initiate automatic payments from it on a certain date each month.
You can typically select to pay the minimum, the full balance or a specific amount monthly.
You can typically select to pay the minimum, the full balance or a specific amount monthly. Then, on the date selected or the due date (specifics vary by card issuer), the money is transferred.
- At American Express, AutoPay can be set up online, through the mobile app or by calling the American Express Customer Service line.
- At Bank of America, cardholders can set up automatic payments online either through the Bill Pay option or via transfers between a Bank of America account and their credit card.
- At Barclays, customers can visit the website to set up automatic payments or do so through the iPad app, but it’s not yet available on the mobile app. Another option is to ask for a repeat payment form, which can then be completed and mailed back.
- At Capital One, cardholders can enroll in automatic payments through the website or mobile app, or by calling customer service.
- At Chase, cardholders can set up AutoPay through Chase.com, the mobile app, by calling customer service or by visiting a Chase branch, although that option requires some paperwork to be filled out first.
- At Discover, cardholders set up automatic payments online, through the mobile app or by phone with customer service.
- At Wells Fargo, customers can set up automatic payments online, through the app, by phone or in person at a Wells Fargo branch.
What to watch out for
- Overdraft fees. One of the biggest risks with setting up automatic payments is that your bank account won’t have sufficient funds in it and you will get hit with an overdraft fee, the median cost of which is $34, or your bank will decline the transaction. To avoid those issues, monitor your bank account to make sure you have enough money to cover your credit card payment. Adjust the amount if necessary — for example, set it to make just the minimum payment. Many banks offer low-balance text alerts to help you track your balance.
Monitor your bank account to make sure you have enough funds to cover your credit card payment, and adjust the amount if necessary.
- The payment date. Many card issuers, but not all, allow cardholders to select the date that the money is transferred. Picking a date at least a few days before the payment is due ensures that a processing delay doesn’t lead to a late payment. Some card issuers, such as Chase, automatically process the payment on the due date (if that date falls on a weekend, then it will be processed the Friday before).
- Errors and fraud. Without the need to manually transfer money each month, it can be easy to forget to review your credit card statement carefully for any unfamiliar charges. Build this kind of review into your routine, even with automatic payments, so you can immediately challenge any incorrect or fraudulent charges.
- The payment amount. In general, card issuers allow customers to pay the minimum payment, the full balance, or a fixed amount each month. Paying the minimum ensures that you won’t be hit with a late fee. But carrying a balance means that interest will continue to accrue.
Back up a faulty memory
Setting up automatic payments can be a great way to avoid the negative repercussions that come from missing a credit card payment. Still, you want to make sure you have enough money in your bank account so you aren’t charged an overdraft fee.
If you don’t want to set up automatic payments but still want a reminder to pay, many card issuers offer the option of signing up for email or text alerts when the balance due date is approaching.