The simplest way to add a layer of protection to your credit file is a fraud alert. It’s free and easy to set up, and it requires businesses to take extra care before issuing new credit in your name. Fraud alerts last for a year and are renewable.
Credit experts agree that a fraud alert, at a minimum, is a good idea for any consumer. NerdWallet recommends a credit freeze, also known as a security freeze, for most consumers. It offers the best protection against your personal data being used to establish a credit account in your name. But if you don’t want a freeze or lock, a fraud alert can offer some measure of protection.
How to place a fraud alert
All you need do to place a fraud alert is to contact any one of the major credit-reporting agencies, and it will notify the other two.
You can call, go online or write to any one of the three major credit bureaus: Experian, TransUnion and Equifax.
- Experian: 888-397-3742; Experian, P.O. Box 9554, Allen, TX 75013
- TransUnion: 800-680-7289; TransUnion Fraud Victim Assistance Department, P.O. Box 2000, Chester, PA 19016
- Equifax: 888-766-0008; Equifax Consumer Fraud Division, P.O. Box 740256, Atlanta, GA 30374
Make sure the credit bureau has correct contact information for you.
Each credit bureau should contact you to confirm the alert and offer instructions on how to get a free copy of your credit report in addition to the one you can get every 12 months by using AnnualCreditReport.com. Keep the letter or email verifying the alert in case a lender doesn’t follow the requirements and someone opens a fraudulent account.
How to renew or lift a fraud alert
You can lift a fraud alert by calling one credit bureau and providing identifying information. However, there’s little reason to do so.
Fraud alerts, credit freezes and locks — products offered by credit bureaus — all aim to prevent new accounts from being opened fraudulently. They don’t prevent fraudulent charges from being made on an account you’ve already opened.
Stay on the lookout for fraud in your existing accounts:
- Check credit card statements for charges you don’t recognize. Often there’s a phone number listed with the merchant name on transactions, so you can investigate anything that looks off.
- Sign up for text or email alerts about credit transactions. Many issuers let you set a transaction amount so you’re alerted to anything over that.
- Sign up for a monitoring service that allows you to track changes in your credit reports and scores as well as credit card activity, so that you can quickly spot and follow up on anything that looks amiss. NerdWallet’s free credit report summary updates weekly.
If you see a charge you think isn’t yours, call your issuer right away to dispute it. Your card issuer can’t charge interest or fees on the transaction while it’s being investigated.