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Pay More to Save More on Your Student Loans

Loans, Student Loans
Pay More to Save More on Your Student Loans

By Catherine Hawley

Learn more about Catherine on NerdWallet’s Ask an Advisor

Already high, student loan debt creeps higher each year. In 2013, the average borrower who had taken out student loans graduated from college with $28,400 in debt, according to the Institute for College Access and Success. New estimates for the class of 2015 put that figure even higher, at $35,000.

Meanwhile, the average starting salary for new graduates with a bachelor’s degree is $48,127, according to the Society for Human Resources Management.

That’s a tough way to start your professional career. And if that’s what your situation looks like, it’s probably tempting to just make your minimum monthly payments and know that your debt will be gone in 10 years.

But that’s not the only way to go — and not necessarily the best way. Paying just a little more than the minimum each month can get you debt-free a whole lot sooner and save you a lot of money. To see just how big of a difference it can make, let’s crunch the numbers.

A few assumptions first

Here are the assumptions I made when analyzing the numbers for a typical graduate:

  • Total debt of $35,000, all of which was a federal student loan disbursed in 2011 with an interest rate of 5%.
  • A minimum monthly payment of $363 on a standard 10-year repayment plan (obtained using the Federal Student Aid repayment estimator).
  • Annual income of $48,000 per year, with take-home pay of $3,500 a month (obtained using TurboTax’s TaxCaster).

How much money could you save?

Using these numbers, I ran three different scenarios through PowerPay (a great tool if you want to check things yourself). Here’s how it played out.

Scenario 1: Pay the minimums

The minimum monthly payment is $363, which is about 10% of take-home pay.

If you made every single one of those monthly payments, you would be debt-free in 10 years after having paid more than $8,500 in interest.

Scenario 2: Pay more

Say you found some creative ways to save money and increased your monthly payment to $500, about 14% of take-home pay.

You would be debt-free in just under seven years and you would save yourself $2,853 in interest. All of that — just for finding an extra $137 to put toward your debt each month.

Scenario 3: Pay a lot more

But what if you want to get really serious? What if you feel like your debt is an emergency and you want to get rid of it as soon as possible?

Well, if you could bump your monthly payment up to $1,000 per month, you would be debt-free in just over three years and you would save yourself $5,938 in interest.

And if you wanted to get really crazy and put 50% of your take-home pay toward your student loans ($1,750 per month), you’d be debt-free in under two years and save yourself more than $7,000 in interest!

What would you do with all that money and no debt holding you back?

The bottom line

There are some cases where it makes sense to pay only the minimums — especially if your student loan balance is much higher than your annual income and you could qualify for forgiveness (especially public service loan forgiveness).

But in most cases, the more you pay each month, the more you’ll save and the sooner you’ll be debt-free.

This article also appears on Nasdaq

Image via iStock.