Why Your Dog Needs Liability Insurance Even if She’s Perfect

Even very good dogs can cause injuries. If they do, liability insurance can ensure you don’t pay through the snout for it.
Doug Sibor
By Doug Sibor 
Edited by Caitlin Constantine Reviewed by Brenda J. Cude

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My dog Maisie is an angel. The most vicious she gets is when she decides it's time to attack her bacon ball. Her greatest foe is the doorbell.

But just in case a human hand happens to get entangled with the bacon ball midchomp or her howls at the door scare someone off of the steps and onto the pavement, I make sure to have liability insurance.

All joking aside, liability coverage is a must for any dog owner, regardless of the pooch's temperament. If your dog injures someone else and you're held responsible, you’ll have to pay the associated costs — and they can be significant.

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Why you need dog liability insurance

There were more than 19,000 dog bite claims filed in the U.S. in 2023, according to the Insurance Information Institute

Insurance Information Institute. Spotlight on: Dog Bite Liability. Accessed Apr 11, 2024.
. The average cost per claim was more than $58,000.

In the event your Fido or Fifi causes one of these claims, your homeowners or renters insurance coverage will likely be your first line of defense. Personal liability coverage is part of a standard home insurance policy, with annual payout limits that typically start at $100,000.

While this is enough to cover the average $58,000 claim, note that some dog-related lawsuits could cost you far more. Say your exuberant golden retriever jumps up to greet an elderly woman, who falls down and breaks her hip. If she ends up needing surgery and long-term care, her costs could easily reach six digits — and she could sue you to cover them.

🤓Nerdy Tip

If the liability coverage on your renters or homeowners policy doesn’t seem like enough, consider adding umbrella insurance to provide extra liability coverage on top of your underlying policies. Limits typically start at $1 million.

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Does your home insurance policy cover dog liability?

Because liability claims can get so expensive, it may make sense for dog owners to choose a liability limit above the minimum. But first, check that your insurance policy will actually cover liability claims for your dog.

Some insurers may charge extra for animal liability coverage, while others won’t cover certain breeds they consider to be higher risk. Such breeds often include pit bulls, Rottweilers, Doberman pinschers and German shepherds. Other insurance companies may refuse to cover any animal with a history of biting or other aggression, regardless of breed.

If your insurance company won’t cover dog liability claims for your furry pal, it’s worth shopping around for other insurers that will.

Animal liability insurance

Another option for dog owners is to get a separate animal liability insurance policy. This can be particularly useful if your dog has a bite history or belongs to a breed your home insurer refuses to cover.

"If you can cover your dog under home insurance, that's ideal," says Dori Einhorn, owner of Einhorn Insurance Agency, which offers dog liability insurance in select states. "But if you don't have animal liability coverage on your [homeowners] policy, you don't have coverage."

That's where animal liability insurance comes in. It can provide liability coverage for your dog that fills the gap created by exclusions in your homeowners, renters or umbrella policy.

As with other insurance, the cost of animal liability coverage depends on several factors, such as the dog’s breed and weight. Einhorn says that annual premiums from her agency typically range from $400 to $1,200, depending on the dog's history. And if the dog's history is too problematic, even an insurer that specializes in animal liability may refuse to provide coverage.

Einhorn emphasizes that the first step when considering animal liability coverage is to check your home or renters insurance policy to see what type of coverage you already have. Insurers may change which breeds and kinds of incidents aren't covered, and you don't want to wait until it's too late.

Frequently asked questions

Umbrella insurance is a type of policy that gives you extra liability coverage beyond what’s available on your existing policies. Umbrella policies often cover dog bites or other canine liability claims, but check with your insurer to be certain.

Dog liability insurance is included under the personal liability section of most homeowners and renters insurance policies. The average cost of homeowners insurance in the U.S. is $1,915 per year, according to NerdWallet’s rate analysis. Renters insurance costs $168 per year, on average.

The personal liability coverage on your home or renters policy tends to be fairly broad. It generally pays if a court finds you liable for injuring someone else or damaging their property — including scenarios in which the damage is actually done by a child or pet you’re responsible for. That means your policy could also cover other pets such as cats or horses, as long as you're not using them for business purposes.


NerdWallet calculated median rates for 40-year-old homeowners from various insurance companies in every ZIP code across the U.S. All rates are rounded to the nearest $5.

Sample homeowners were nonsmokers with good credit living in a single-family, two-story home built in 1984. They had a $1,000 deductible and the following coverage limits:

  • $300,000 in dwelling coverage.

  • $30,000 in other structures coverage.

  • $150,000 in personal property coverage.

  • $60,000 in loss of use coverage.

  • $300,000 in liability coverage.

  • $1,000 in medical payments coverage.

We made minor changes to the sample policy in cases where rates for the above coverage limits or deductibles weren’t available.

These are sample rates generated through Quadrant Information Services. Your own rates will be different.

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