What is a savings account?
A savings account is a bank account that lets you store your money securely while typically earning interest. This means the bank pays you to keep your funds deposited, with annual yields on some accounts reaching 0.50%. Also, unlike investments, savings accounts are federally insured up to $250,000, so you will not lose your money if the bank fails.
Why you need a savings account
Using a savings account creates some distance between everyday spending money, kept in your checking account, and cash that's meant for a later date, like an emergency or a vacation. Unlike most checking accounts, savings accounts also typically earn interest.
What you need to know about savings accounts
Savings accounts with strong APYs can help your money grow. Lending the bank money enables it to offer loans to other customers, so the bank is paying you a little interest as a thank-you.
"A little interest" is all too true for most accounts, which offer low rates, but you can find higher rates at online banks. These banks don't have to support expensive brick-and-mortar branches, enabling them to offer annual percentage yields, or APYs, that are significantly higher than the national average of 0.06%. The accounts also tend to have low initial deposit requirements and typically don't charge monthly maintenance fees.
Money kept in a savings account isn't quite as accessible as cash kept in a checking account. Banks typically limit the number of certain transfers from a savings account — online, or by check or debit card, for example — to six a month. Making additional transfers typically results in a fee. Note that taking money out through a teller or ATM doesn't count toward the six-per-month figure.
The limit used to be a federal requirement, but in April 2020, the Federal Reserve announced it would remove the cap in response to widespread financial distress caused by the coronavirus situation. As a result, some banks and credit unions have relaxed this restriction.
“Savings accounts help you store money you don’t need immediately. Avoiding excessive savings withdrawals can ensure it's there when you do. ”
It’s worth noting, however, that withdrawal limits may be a blessing in disguise. Savings accounts help you store money you don’t need immediately. Avoiding excessive savings withdrawals can ensure it's there when you do.
If easier access to cash is what you're looking for, however, consider opening a checking account. You can read NerdWallet's list of best checking accounts to find ones that don't have many fees and might even earn interest.
How much to keep in your savings account
It's smart to keep three to six months’ worth of living expenses in your savings account in case of job loss or another emergency. You may need to put away more if you have additional savings goals, such as a new car or special vacation. But saving even $500 can get you out of many minor financial scrapes.
You can start by making automatic deposits from checking to savings on a regular basis, such as each payday. Saving as little as $25 a week can add up to more than $500 after five months.
After you build a cushion, look to the future. Consider investing for long-term goals, such as retirement. An individual retirement account, for example, is a solid next step for those with sufficient savings. An IRA may be riskier than a savings account, depending on the investments you choose within it, but it may also provide better returns over time. (Learn how to figure out how much you should save for retirement. Also, read more about individual retirement accounts.)
Alternatives to savings accounts
There are other short-term savings options that don't involve investment risk. Here are a few federally insured alternatives:
Money market accounts are savings accounts that usually have some checking features. For example, they might come with a debit card or the ability to write checks. But as with regular savings accounts, transactions are typically limited to a handful per month.
» Learn more by reading NerdWallet’s primer on money market accounts
Certificates of deposit, or CDs, hold money for a fixed term, anywhere from a few months to a few years. Generally, the longer the term, the higher the interest rate. Open a CD only with money you won't need immediately, because withdrawing money before the end of the term usually carries a penalty.
» Read up on types of CDs
Cash management accounts, or CMAs, are cash accounts that are offered by nonbank financial service providers like investment firms or robo-advisors. They pay interest and can be especially convenient if you have an investment account with the same provider. (Read how CMAs compare to high-yield savings accounts.)
» Dig deeper with NerdWallet’s guide to the 5 best alternatives to traditional savings accounts
Where to find the best savings accounts
If a basic savings account serves you best, start your search by looking at online banks and credit unions. These types of financial institutions, which are heavily featured in NerdWallet's list of best savings accounts, keep fees to a minimum, offer good rates and usually have strong mobile apps to help you manage your savings. If you plan to do most of your banking at a neighborhood branch, however, compare accounts at some of the best national banks that are near you.
You can open a savings account by submitting an application, typically online or at a branch. You’ll need to provide your Social Security number and contact information, along with at least one form of identification, such as a driver’s license or a passport. When the account is open, you can make your first deposit with an online transfer from another bank account. Your bank may also accept paper checks or even cash deposits if you’re opening the account in person.
A good savings account provides a safe place to park your money while it also earns interest. By opening one with strong rates and low fees, and by making regular deposits, you can help make sure you have funds set aside for your savings goals.