2022-2023 Arizona State Income Tax: Rates, Who Pays
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Arizona state income tax brackets and rates depend on taxable income, tax-filing status and residency status. For the 2022 tax year (taxes filed in 2023), Arizona has two income tax rates: 2.55% and 2.98%.
2022 Arizona state income tax rates and tax brackets
Arizona state income tax returns are for tax year 2022 are due April 18, 2023, or Oct. 16, 2023, with an extension.
Arizona residents who make over $50,000 in taxable income, as well as all part-year or nonresidents, are required to use the above tax brackets to figure their tax liability. Full-year Arizona residents who earn below $50,000 in taxable income can use either the above table or the Arizona Department of Revenue’s optional tables to determine their taxes owed.
Arizona previously had four tax brackets with rates that ranged from 2.59% to 4.5%. Several legislative changes, including Senate Bill 1828, made significant modifications to the tax structure. Under the new rules, the four tax brackets were slashed into two for tax year 2022. For the 2023 tax year, which will impact returns filed in 2024, the state will begin using a flat 2.5% tax.
Do I have to pay Arizona state income tax?
Generally, you have to file an Arizona state income tax return if you’re a resident, part-year resident or nonresident.
Full-year and part-year residents must file if their gross income is above these amounts:
Arizona gross income
Married, filing jointly
Married, filing separately
Head of household
Note: Arizona gross income equals your federal gross income minus interest from government bonds, Social Security retirement benefits, Railroad Retirement Act benefits, active duty military pay and pay for service in the National Guard.
The rules for nonresidents are a bit trickier. Nonresidents must divide their Arizona gross income by their federal adjusted gross income to get a sense of their filing requirement. The Arizona Department of Revenue has more guidance in the Form 104NR instructions.
Am I a resident for Arizona state income tax purposes?
There are three types of residency statuses when it comes to Arizona state income tax. They determine what portion of your income the state will tax.
Types of residency statuses in Arizona
If your Arizona residency type is...
Arizona taxes this part of your income.
All income from all sources inside and outside Arizona.
All income received while a resident, plus income from Arizona sources while a nonresident.
Income from Arizona sources.
» Find a local tax preparer in Arizona for free: See who's available in your area.
Resident status rules
In general, you’re a resident of Arizona for tax purposes if your primary, permanent home is there or you spent more than nine months there during the tax year. Arizona residents file Form 140, 140A or 140EZ. The Arizona Department of Revenue has a detailed breakdown of which form you should use based on criteria such as your income, if you plan to itemize, and whether you’ll claim estimated payments.
You can also read all the rules for how Arizona determines residency status.
Part-year resident status rules
Generally, you’re a part-year resident of Arizona if you were a nonresident for some of the tax year. This is often the case for people who moved to Arizona from another state.
If you’re a part-year resident, you typically pay Arizona state tax on all income you received during the part of the tax year you were a resident of Arizona, plus state income tax on income just from Arizona sources while you were a nonresident. Part-year residents file Form 140-PY.
» Need to file in multiple states? State income tax rates and how they work.
Nonresident status rules
Nonresidents still may have to pay Arizona state tax on income they receive from Arizona sources. This means you may need to file an Arizona state income tax return even if you live in another state but made money from Arizona-related things such as:
Services performed in Arizona.
Rent from real estate you own in Arizona.
The sale or transfer of real estate in Arizona.
Income from an Arizona business, trade or profession.
5 things to know about Arizona state income tax
Arizona’s tax-filing deadline generally follows the federal tax deadline.
Tax software will do your state taxes (though sometimes for an extra fee). Check to see if you might also be eligible for Free File.
Wondering "Where is my Arizona state tax refund?" Good news: You can check the status of your state tax refund online.
If you can’t afford your tax bill, Arizona offers payment plans that you can set up online or over the phone.
You can also apply for the state’s Offer in Compromise program, which might allow you to pay less than you owe.