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What Is a Certified Check?

A certified check is a safe payment option available at banks and credit unions.
Nov. 30, 2018
Banking, Banking Basics
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A certified check is a personal check written by a bank account holder, drawn on the account and guaranteed by the bank. The bank verifies that the signature is genuine and that the check writer has enough money for the transaction, and sets aside the full amount of the check for when it’s cashed or deposited.

» Skip to: Fees for certified checks by bank

Why use a certified check?

Sometimes, especially with larger transactions, it can be impractical for buyers to pay with cash, and sellers might be reluctant to accept a personal check, in case it bounces.

A certified check can reduce risks for everyone in such a transaction.

People also use:

“The whole purpose of a certified check is to ensure the person who’s getting paid that there’s money behind the check,” says Nessa Feddis, senior vice president at the American Bankers Association.

“If I’m selling my car and I’m handing it over, and if they give me a personal check, that check may come back as uncollectible and I can’t get the car back.”

» Looking for a new financial institution? Check out our list of the best banks and credit unions of 2018

Certified check vs. cashier’s check

Both certified and cashier’s checks can be considered “official checks.” Both are used instead of cash, credit or personal checks, and both are used to guarantee payment. And, with rare exceptions, the purchaser can’t stop payment on either type of check.

With a cashier’s check, funds are drawn against the bank, not against a personal account, as is the case with a certified check.

There is one significant difference: With a cashier’s check, the bank receives money from the purchaser, then issues the check and guarantees its payment at face value. Funds are drawn against the bank, not against a personal account, as is the case with a certified check.

How to guard against possible fraud

Still, like any other form of payment, cashier’s checks and certified checks are vulnerable to fraud, and it’s your responsibility to make sure the check you receive is legitimate and not counterfeit.

Some red flags of phony checks — such as typos and grammatical errors — are easy to spot, but most bad checks don’t have dead giveaways. With technology, counterfeiters can easily copy bank logos and branding off the internet.

If you’re in doubt about a check, call your bank to verify its legitimacy.

Don’t take any chances. Banking security experts recommend that you call the bank immediately upon receiving a certified check to verify it. Don’t call the number printed on the check, though; it could be phony, too.

Find the bank’s phone number online, call it, and then give the bank the check number and the name of the purchaser.

You can be held responsible for a bad check

Under banking regulations, deposited funds typically are available as soon as the next business day. But if you happen to deposit a cashier’s check, withdraw the funds and send out the money or merchandise, only to have the bank discover that the check was fraudulent, you may be held responsible for the entire amount of the bad check.

Fees for certified and cashier’s checks

Many banks and credit unions offer certified checks and cashier’s checks, though not all offer both, and some differ on terminology, calling them “official checks.” Check with your financial institution for availability.

Fees can be $15 or higher. Some financial institutions, however, offer reduced fees or no fees for account holders.

BankDetails
Cashier's checks are free.
Bank of America

at Bank of America,

Member, FDIC

Cashier’s checks: $10 for certain account holders, free for Preferred Rewards program customers.
Cashier’s checks for 360 Checking customers: $20 online with overnight shipping; $10 in branch.
Chase

at Chase,

Member, FDIC

Cashier’s checks free for customers.
Cashier’s checks: $10; free with a primary Portfolio Checking account.

BBVA Compass

at BBVA Compass,

Member, FDIC

Cashier’s checks: $10 for account holders.
Discover

at Discover,

Member, FDIC

Free official checks for customers.
Navy Federal Credit Union

at Navy Federal Credit Union,

Federally insured by the NCUA

Cashier’s checks: Two free per member per day, $5 for each additional check.
PenFed Credit Union

at PenFed Credit Union,

Federally insured by the NCUA

Official checks: Free.
PNC

at PNC,

Member, FDIC

Cashier’s checks: Free for holders of certain accounts, including Performance Checking, Virtual Wallet Performance, Performance Select Checking and Virtual Wallet Performance Select. $10 fee per check for all other accounts.
Santander Bank, National Association

at Santander Bank, National Association,

Member, FDIC

Certified checks: $15. Official checks are $10, but the fee is waived for customers with Premier Plus Checking or Premier Plus Money Market Savings.
State Farm Bank

at State Farm Bank,

Member, FDIC

Free official checks via standard delivery. Overnight, weekend and holiday delivery costs extra.
SunTrust

at SunTrust,

Member, FDIC

Official checks: $8 for bank customers and $15 for noncustomers. No charge for Select and Signature Advantage checking accounts.
TD Bank

at TD Bank,

Member, FDIC

Official checks: $8; fee is waived for TD customers who have Relationship, Premier or 60-Plus Checking accounts.
U.S. Bank

at U.S. Bank,

Member, FDIC

Cashier's checks: $8. Fee is waived for military customers.

Because their face value is guaranteed, legitimate certified checks are as good as cash. They can help ease your mind when exchanging goods or services in a large transaction. But as with any situation involving your money, be careful and avoid falling victim to counterfeiters.