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Do You Have to Fill Out the FAFSA Every Year?

You must submit the FAFSA every year you're in college if you want to receive aid.
Sept. 20, 2019
Loans, Student Loans
3 Reasons You Need to Submit the FAFSA Every Year
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College-bound high school seniors are the most likely targets for nagging about completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA. But the message is just as important for returning college students.

Students must submit the FAFSA to access federal financial aid — grants, scholarships, work-study and federal loans — as well as certain state and institutional aid each year they’re in school. Yet returning college students aren’t achieving the same pace of completions as their freshman counterparts, colleges say.

» MORE: FAFSA renewal: 3 steps to a pain-free application 

The financial aid office at the University of Texas at Austin, for example, have noticed “a significant lag” in returning students who file year over year, according to Diane Todd Sprague, the office’s executive director.

If you rely on financial aid to pay for college, you always need to submit the form. Here’s why you should fill out the FAFSA every year.

» MORE: Is college worth it? Use a student loan affordability calculator to find out

You might receive more financial aid than you did last year

Financial aid eligibility is adjusted year to year. If your family has experienced changes in financial status — maybe one of your parents has lost a job or a sibling has started college — you might be eligible for more financial aid.

Financial aid eligibility is adjusted year to year.

When you file a FAFSA, you can use prior-prior year tax information, or 2018 information for the 2020-21 form. Prior-prior year information is used so students can receive an estimate of aid eligibility without waiting for tax season to apply. If your circumstances have changed significantly in the two years since a prior-prior tax filing, don’t wait to submit the FAFSA. Once your newest taxes are filed, you can go back and update your tax information.

» MORE: What are the FAFSA requirements? 

You might get free money

Organizations that grant free college funding use the FAFSA to decide if you qualify. Pell Grants are a good example; you don’t have to pay them back the way you do student loans. But they’re first-come, first-served — so apply as soon as you can after the FAFSA is released Oct. 1 for your best shot at qualifying.

You might also need to file the FAFSA to qualify for scholarships through your college. “A lot of scholarship agreements now say that you have to file after the first year,” says Dennis Correll, former associate dean for enrollment management at Penn State’s Pennsylvania College of Technology.

» MORE: Your FAFSA questions answered

You might also need to file the FAFSA to qualify for scholarships through your college.

You might need a new federal student loan

When grants, scholarships, savings and work-study don’t meet the full costs of attending school, student loans can close the gap. If you took out a federal student loan last year, you’ll likely need another one this year. Completing the FAFSA is the only way to get federal loans, which offer more protections and typically lower interest rates than private student loans. It’s best to max out federal aid before turning to private student loans, which are obtained through banks and online lenders and don’t require the FAFSA.

» MORE: How much can you get in student loans?

How to file the FAFSA

Complete the FAFSA on the federal student aid website. If you filed last year, log in to the FAFSA website with your FSA ID and click the FAFSA Renewal button. You’ll be directed to a partially prefilled form and can provide new financial information.

» MORE: FSA ID: Everything you need to know

You can complete an application until June 30 of the school year for which you’re filing — that’s June 30, 2021, for the 2020-21 school year. However, your school or state typically has much earlier deadlines. Find your state deadline on the FAFSA website.

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