Does Medicare Cover the Shingles Vaccine?

Yes, it's covered through Medicare Part D plans and Medicare Advantage plans with prescription drug coverage.
Roberta Pescow
By Roberta Pescow 
Edited by Claire Tsosie

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Both Medicare Part D plans — also called Medicare drug plans — and Medicare Advantage plans with prescription drug coverage cover the shingles vaccine, which prevents shingles infections and is approved for use by people 50 and older. Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) doesn’t provide coverage.

Shingrix, the shingles vaccine recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is given in two doses administered between two and six months apart. It works by introducing harmless proteins from the shingles virus into the body, which then stimulates the immune system to recognize and defend against the virus. The CDC states that the Shingrix vaccine is over 90% effective, and that efficacy remains above 85% for four years after two doses.

Shingles is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox in children. A shingles infection presents as a very painful rash that can break out anywhere on the body, but most often turns up on the right or left side of the torso.

After someone recovers from chickenpox, the varicella-zoster virus can lie dormant in nerve tissue around their spinal cord and brain for many years or even decades. For some, this virus reactivates and becomes a shingles infection. Vaccination mitigates this possibility.

Medicare drug plans and the shingles vaccine

Unlike Medicare parts A and B, which are government insurance plans that cover hospital insurance and outpatient medical insurance, respectively, Medicare drug plans are private insurance policies developed by providers that have contracts with the federal government. You might purchase a Medicare drug plan, or Medicare Part D, if you have Original Medicare or a Medigap plan and need prescription drug coverage.

Starting in 2023, all Medicare drug plans cover the shingles vaccine in full — no deductible, no copay — as well as other vaccines recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.

Medigap and the shingles vaccine

Medigap, or Medicare Supplement Insurance, adds coverage to Original Medicare. These plans are sold through private insurers. Although some older Medigap policies may cover prescription drugs, any Medigap policies sold after Jan. 1, 2006, don't include drug coverage and won’t pay for the shingles vaccine.

Medicare Advantage and the shingles vaccine

Like Medicare drug plans, Medicare Advantage plans, otherwise known as Medicare Part C plans, are private insurance policies from providers that have contracts with the federal government. This means each plan has its own set of premiums, benefits, copayments, deductibles and coinsurance.

Medicare Advantage plans with prescription drug coverage also cover the shingles vaccine in full. If your Medicare Advantage plan doesn’t include prescription drug coverage (such as Medicare Savings Account plans), you may be able to purchase a separate Medicare drug plan to cover vaccine costs.

Medicare Advantage providers

Get more information below about some of the major Medicare Advantage providers. These insurers offer plans in most states. The plans you can choose from will depend on your ZIP code and county.

Who should get the shingles vaccine?

The CDC recommends that adults age 50 and older receive the two-dose Shingrix shingles vaccine. This recommendation extends to those who’ve had shingles in the past, since shingles can sometimes reoccur. However, the CDC recommends against getting the vaccine in certain cases — for instance, if you're currently experiencing a shingles outbreak.

If you're unsure about whether you should get this vaccine, ask your primary care provider.

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