What You Need to Know About Fixed Rate Cash ISAs
A fixed rate cash ISA is a tax-free savings account where you are paid a set rate of interest for locking your money away over a fixed period.
Interest rates remain frustratingly low, however, there are still some decent cash ISAs available and it’s always better to earn some interest on your money rather than none whatsoever.
By choosing a fixed rate ISA, you are likely to get a higher rate of interest than you would with an easy access ISA. This is because you’re required to lock your money away for a fixed period, typically between one and five years, whereas with an easy access account you can access your money whenever you need to.
Here we explain what you need to know about fixed rate ISAs.
What is a fixed rate ISA?
A fixed rate cash ISA is an ISA where you are given a set rate of interest that is guaranteed for a certain period of time.
You deposit your savings when you open the account and then at the end of the term you can withdraw the money or switch it into a new fixed rate ISA. If you take the money out before this point, you will usually face a penalty of loss of interest.
As with all ISAs, you won’t pay any tax on the interest you earn and you can put away up to £20,000 in the current tax year, which will end on 5 April. At this point, everyone (aged 16 and over) is given a brand new ISA allowance.
» MORE: About ISAs
How a fixed rate cash ISA works
When you open a fixed rate cash ISA account, you can deposit your savings (up to a maximum limit) and you’ll then earn interest, either monthly or annually, on your money until the end of the term.
You can choose the length of the fixed rate ISA from one to five years. Usually, the longer you can put your money away for, the higher the interest rate – however right now there’s not a huge amount of difference.
How to open a fixed rate ISA
You can open a fixed rate ISA at a branch, online, by post, or sometimes over the phone. Each provider will have its own rules about how to open an account. Some will only be available online while others may only be available on a postal basis.
How to choose a fixed rate ISA
There are quite a few ISAs to choose from so before you sign on the dotted line it’s important to make sure the account you’ve picked is right for you. To help you decide here are some of the main pros and cons of a fixed rate ISA.
Pros of a fixed rate ISA
- You’ll know exactly how much interest you’ll earn on your savings.
- By locking your money away you may be able to earn a higher rate of interest.
Cons of a fixed rate ISA
- If you do need to access your money early you may face a penalty.
- If interest rates rise, and you’re locked into a fixed rate ISA, you won’t be able to benefit.
What’s the difference between a fixed rate ISA and a fixed rate savings bond?
The main difference is that ISAs are tax-free, so you won’t be charged any tax on your savings held within an ISA. Although savings bonds are taxed, everyone has a personal savings allowance (PSA). This means basic rate taxpayers can earn up to £1,000 a year and higher rate taxpayers can earn up to £500 in interest a year before they start paying tax.
Can I add money to a fixed rate ISA?
There is often a minimum amount you will need to open an account, which is typically between £500 and £1,000. Some fixed rate ISAs allow you to add extra money to an account when you open it for a limited period, for example, up to 30 days.
This money is then locked away until the end of the term of the account and you can’t usually add any extra money into it. You also can’t transfer the ISA into a new account until the end of the term. If you do close the account early, or transfer the money within it to a new account, you’ll face a penalty. This is usually a loss of interest which can wipe out any gains you’ve built up so far.
» MORE: How to transfer your Cash ISA
How is my money protected?
All UK cash ISAs provided by banks, building societies, and credit unions are protected by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS). This protects up to £85,000 per person, per banking group, if an institution goes bust.
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Rebecca Goodman is a freelance journalist who has spent the past 10 years working across personal finance publications. Regularly writing for The Guardian, The Sun, The Telegraph, and The Independent. Read more