Article

8 First-Time Home Buyer Loans and Programs

These first-time home buyer loans and programs can get you in a home with a lower — or even no — down payment.

At NerdWallet, we strive to help you make financial decisions with confidence. To do this, many or all of the products featured here are from our partners. However, this doesn’t influence our evaluations. Our opinions are our own.

Buying a home is so hard, they should make it an Olympic event. It’s not just the paperwork; it’s the terminology, the fees and the number of people involved. It’s natural to want to agree to whatever, sign everything and just get through the process as fast as you can.

While that may make you a medalist in downhill skiing, it won’t earn you many style points in life’s uphill battle to financial well-being.

Summary: First-time home buyer loans and programs

Here are some of the most useful first-time home buyer loans and programs that you might overlook if you rush the process. They may score you some big savings.

  1. FHA loan: The go-to loan program for buyers with weaker credit.

  2. VA loan: No down payment loans for borrowers with a military connection.

  3. USDA loan: 100% financing on rural properties.

  4. Fannie and Freddie: Conventional loans with just 3% down.

  5. State first-time home buyer program: Assistance specifically for residents.

  6. Home renovation loan: Buy a home and remodel it with one loan.

  7. Good Neighbor Next Door: Home price discounts for first responders and educators.

  8. Dollar Homes: Foreclosed homes for sale by the government.

FHA loan

This is the go-to program for many Americans, especially first-time home buyers and those who have a credit history that’s ... let’s say shaky. The Federal Housing Administration guarantees a portion of FHA home loans, which frees lenders to broaden their acceptance standards. With FHA backing, borrowers can qualify for loans with as little as 3.5% down.

FHA loans do have an upfront and ongoing additional cost built in: mortgage insurance premiums. This protects the lender’s stake in the loan if you default.

VA loan

The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs helps service members, veterans and surviving spouses buy homes. VA loans are especially generous, often requiring no down payment or mortgage insurance. But like a lot of military operations, the approval track is built for accuracy, not speed.

While the VA has only a few requirements for things like debt and sufficient income, VA lenders may add their own "overlays," or additional requirements.

USDA loan

This one may surprise you. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has a home buyers assistance program. And no, you don’t have to live on a farm. The program targets rural areas and allows 100% financing by offering lenders mortgage guarantees. There are income limitations, which vary by region.

Fannie and Freddie

They sound like classic ’70s rock bands, but Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are the engines behind the home loan machine. These government-sanctioned companies work with local mortgage lenders to offer some appealing options on conventional loans, such as 3% down payments.

State first-time home buyer programs

In addition to these national programs, many state and local governments offer assistance to home buyers. Browse NerdWallet's list of state first-time home buyer programs to learn more.

Find a lender that fits

Home renovation loan programs

Here are a few programs that allow you to buy more home for your money.

  • The Energy Efficient Mortgage program extends your borrowing power when you buy a home with energy-saving improvements or upgrade a home’s green features. If you qualify for a home loan, you can add the EEM benefit to your regular mortgage. It doesn’t require a new appraisal or affect the amount of your down payment. The program simply allows your lender the flexibility to extend loan limits for energy efficiency improvements.

  • There are also FHA 203(k) loans, designed for buyers who want to tackle a fixer-upper. This special FHA-backed loan considers what the value of the property will be after improvements and allows you to borrow the funds to complete the project as part of your main mortgage.

These loan programs are designed for buyers who want to tackle a fixer-upper.

  • The CHOICERenovation loan is a conventional loan program through Freddie Mac that allows you to finance the purchase of a home and the cost of improvements, too, with low down payments.

  • HomeStyle from Fannie Mae is another conventional loan option for purchase-and-remodel projects. A 3% down payment is available to first-time home buyers.

» MORE: Use our mortgage calculator to find out your monthly mortgage payment.

Good Neighbor Next Door

This initiative was originally called the Teacher Next Door Program but was expanded to include law enforcement, firefighters and emergency medical technicians, hence the snappy “Good Neighbor” name. A HUD-sponsored program, it allows 50% discounts on the list price of homes located in revitalization areas. Yes, half off. Who knew? You just have to commit to living in the property for at least 36 months. These homes are listed — for just seven days — on the Good Neighbor Next Door sales website.

Dollar Homes

This sounds like one of those late-night television offers, but HUD claims to offer $1 homes that have been acquired by the FHA through foreclosures. Needless to say, this is a tiny pool of houses. At last check, only a handful of listings appeared on the website. Curiously, one home we checked out in the Dollar Home category seemed to be listed for $17,900. We’re not sure what that’s about, but shop carefully.

Tapping one of these resources may help you buy a home with less of a down payment, lower your interest rate, or even find a bargain in your neighborhood. Then you can have your own opening ceremony in your new home.