The one-two punch of Harvey and Irma will make this one of the most destructive hurricane seasons ever for cars.
Together, the two storms rendered more than 500,000 vehicles a total loss, according to estimates from Cox Automotive, which owns Autotrader and Kelley Blue Book. By comparison, the estimated vehicle toll was 250,000 from Superstorm Sandy in 2012 and 200,000 from Hurricane Katrina in 2005, says Jonathan Smoke, the chief economist at Cox Automotive.
If your car was among the Harvey or Irma casualties, here’s what to do.
Find the car
If your car is missing, the city likely towed it because it appeared abandoned.
“Normally, police will place a sticker on the car and register it as available to be towed away. Your best bet would be to contact your local police department to see if that is the case,” says Mark Hanna, a spokesman for the Insurance Council of Texas.
Your insurance company might also help if you can’t find the car.
“This scenario is rare, but we have seen it before,” says Eric Brandt, Esurance’s chief claims officer. “If local authorities tow the car due to a storm, Esurance will help locate it afterwards to start processing the claim.”
Don’t try to start a waterlogged car
Trying to start a flooded car could cause more damage to its electrical system.
The Property Casualty Insurers Association of America recommends not trying to start the car if:
- The seats are wet
- Water got above the floorboards
- The air filter under the hood is wet
Check your car insurance coverage
Comprehensive car insurance, an optional form of coverage on a car insurance policy, covers flood damage. The coverage will either:
- Pay for repairs due to water damage minus the deductible
- Reimburse you for the market value of the car if the car is totaled, minus the deductible. A car is declared a total loss if the damage exceeds a certain percentage of the car’s value. The threshold varies by company and state law, but a typical threshold is 75%.
» MORE: What does car insurance cover?
If you don’t have comprehensive coverage for a flood-damaged car, you might be eligible for disaster assistance through the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The help likely will come in the form of a low-cost loan, and you’ll probably have to prove you had the car insurance required by your state when the hurricane struck, according to the Property Casualty Insurers Association of America.
Contact your insurance company
If you have comprehensive insurance coverage, your insurer will send an adjuster to the location of your vehicle or may have the car towed to one of its mobile claim centers or to a mechanic, Hanna says.
After the car is declared a total loss, do the following:
- Leave the keys with the car at the claim center or mechanic
- Remove personal items. Ask the insurer if you should remove the license plates.
- If you financed or leased the car, contact the lender or leasing company to give permission to discuss the claim with the insurer. Provide the lease or loan information to the insurance adjuster.
Depending on the company, you could get the claim processed quickly without a physical inspection if the car is a total loss. Brandt says Esurance waived inspections and paid claims immediately on some hurricane-damaged cars, based on photos or videos showing them completely submerged.
The insurer will handle the towing of a totaled car to a salvage yard.
How the settlement money will be paid
- If you own the car outright, the insurer will pay you
- If you leased the car, the insurer will pay the leasing company
- If you financed the car, the insurer will pay the lender first, and you’ll receive any money that exceeds the loan balance
If the loan balance on the car exceeds the insurance settlement, you’ll owe the difference, unless you have gap insurance. This optional coverage pays the difference between a total loss settlement and the loan balance. Not all insurers offer it. Car dealers and lenders also offer the coverage for a one-time fee, which often is rolled into loan payments.
More from NerdWallet about hurricanes
- Watch out for hidden flood damage in that used car
- Complete guide to hurricane insurance
- Can you buy last-minute hurricane insurance?