Hopeful first-time home buyers in Virginia have access to state programs that can help them make a down payment or qualify for a home loan. For nearly 50 years, the not-for-profit Virginia Housing Development Authority has worked with lenders throughout the state to make homeownership a reality for thousands of residents.
Virginia Housing highlights and eligibility requirements
- Down payment grants available
- 30-year fixed-rate loans
- Some programs allow zero down payment
- Many loan programs are eligible for federal tax credits
- Required credit score varies by program; lowest is 620
- Haven’t owned a home in the past three years (except in certain areas)
- Maximum income and loan limits vary by home’s location
- The home must be your primary residence; no business use
- Applicants must complete homeownership education class
Virginia home buyer loan programs
Fannie Mae Preferred with Reduced Mortgage Insurance
This program is for first-time buyers or homeowners looking to “move up.” The down payment can be 3% — even lower, with a VHDA down payment grant (see below). While this program requires a borrower to pay for mortgage insurance, the premium is discounted. You’ll need a credit score of at least 640 to qualify.
Fannie Mae 97% No Mortgage Insurance
Identical to the Fannie Mae Preferred program in most respects, but you won’t have to pay mortgage insurance. That likely means your interest rate will be a tad higher. And your credit score needs to be slightly better, too: 660.
FHA-backed loans are the go-to mortgage program for first-time home buyers. It seems VHDA has made them even better with this program. Rather than the standard 3.5% FHA down payment, a built-in second mortgage allows up to 100% financing. While a minimum 620 credit score is required, a higher score of 680 or more allows for more financing that can be applied to closing costs.
The standard FHA loan program can be enhanced with a VHDA down payment assistance grant (see below). Mortgage Credit Certificates may also provide a federal tax break. A credit score of at least 620 is needed.
VA (Veterans Affairs)
Active-duty service members and veterans are eligible for loans backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs. VHDA works with lenders on these loans, but there’s not much to improve. VA loans already offer no down payments and favorable interest rates. The only thing VHDA offers, other than a possible Mortgage Credit Certificate, is to finance the VA funding fee, which lenders will usually do anyway.
USDA (Rural Housing Service)
USDA loans also offer zero down payments on homes in rural and suburban areas. The VHDA adds potential federal tax breaks and participates in a pilot program that allows the financing of existing manufactured housing up to 10 years old. USDA previously financed only new manufactured housing.
Virginia home buyer assistance programs
Down Payment Assistance Grant
This is perhaps the most meaningful benefit offered by the VHDA. Qualified first-time buyers can receive up to 2.5% of a home’s purchase price to apply to a down payment — no repayment required. The grant is combined with a VHDA loan, and household income limits are considered.
For military members or veterans with service-connected disabilities, this program offers a grant of up to $4,000 to pay for home modifications that increase accessibility, such as widening doorways and adding wheelchair ramps.
Mortgage Credit Certificates
The VHDA issues Mortgage Credit Certificates to qualified home buyers who receive a loan commitment through an approved lender. It’s a dollar-for-dollar federal tax credit that may reduce your tax liability. And it’s valid for the life of your loan, while the home remains your primary residence.
Your next step
Talking to a lender, preferably at least a couple, will get you started. Lenders affiliated with the VHDA know all the ins and outs and can help you navigate the process. Why talk to more than one? Because terms, interest rates and even customer engagement can vary from lender to lender. It’s satisfying to find someone you like to work with who also looks out for your best interests.
For details on any Virginia Housing Development Authority program, visit the VHDA website.
Here are lenders who participate in VHDA programs.
National first-time home buyer programs to consider
And since you’re doing a bit of research, it can’t hurt to look into national programs aimed at potential home buyers with modest incomes. You’ll find additional options for loans with low or no down payments.
FHA loans offer less-stringent lending standards and down payments as low as 3.5%. Not every lender is FHA-approved, but they’re not that hard to find.
VA loans are backed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and offered to active military and veterans. Famous for a no-down-payment policy, VA loans are a well-deserved benefit for those who have served our country.
USDA mortgages may sound like they’re for farmers and ranchers but are meant to provide affordable home financing for rural residents, no matter their occupation. It’s another zero-down opportunity but is available only in specific areas.
Conventional loans aren’t backed by a government agency so are somewhat harder to qualify for. But down payments for first-time home buyers can be as low as 3%.
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