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What Is a 1099-INT Tax Form? How It Works and What to Do

If you received interest, you'll probably get one of these in the mail. Here's what the 1099-INT means and what to do with it.
Sept. 5, 2019
Income Taxes, Investing, Savings Accounts, Taxes
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A 1099-INT tax form is a record that someone paid you interest. Here’s how the 1099-INT works.

Sometime in February, you might receive a 1099-INT tax form (or more than one) in the mail. You need to hang on to it because it can have a big impact on your tax life.

What is a 1099-INT tax form?

  • A 1099-INT tax form is a record that someone — a bank or other entity — paid you interest. If you earned more than $10 in interest from a bank, brokerage or other financial institution, you’ll receive a 1099-INT.
  • The 1099-INT is a common type of IRS Form 1099, which is a record that an entity or person — not your employer — gave or paid you money.
  • You might receive this tax form from your bank because it paid you interest on your savings.
  • A Form 1099-INT will have your Social Security number or taxpayer identification number on it, which means the IRS will know you’ve received interest — and it will know if you don’t report that income on your tax return.
  • Simply receiving this tax form doesn’t necessarily mean you owe taxes on that money. You might have deductions that offset the income, for example, or some or all of it might be sheltered based on characteristics of the asset that generated it. In any case, remember: The IRS knows about it.

What do I do with a 1099-INT tax form?

You use your IRS Form 1099-INT to help figure out how much income you received during the year and what kind of income it was. You’ll report that income in different places on your tax return, depending on what kind of income it was.

If you need help estimating how interest income on a Form 1099-INT could affect your tax bill, check out our free tax calculator.

What does my 1099-INT tax form mean?

If you received this tax form from a bank or other entity because you have investments or accounts that earned interest, you might also get a few other tax forms in the mail.

1099-DIV

The 1099-DIV reports dividends you received. This doesn’t include dividends on your share account at the credit union. The IRS considers those interest, so they appear on the 1099-INT.

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1099-OID

You might receive Form 1099-OID if you bought bonds, notes or other financial instruments at a discount to the face value or redemption value at maturity. Typically, the instrument must have a maturity of more than one year.

1099-R

If you got distributions from a pension, retirement plan, profit-sharing program, IRA or annuity, you might receive a 1099-R. (Remember, many retirement plans are tax-advantaged, so this form might be simple record-keeping on behalf of the IRS.) If you took a loan from your retirement plan, you might have to treat it as a distribution, which means it might be on this form, too, as well as permanent and total disability payments under life insurance contracts.

>>MORE: See 10 other tax forms you should understand before you file

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