The bottom line: Robinhood provides free stock, options, ETF and cryptocurrency trades, and its account minimum is $0, too. Mutual funds and bonds aren't offered, and only taxable investment accounts are available. Still, if you're looking to limit costs or trade crypto, Robinhood is a solid choice.
Pros & Cons
No account minimum.
No retirement accounts.
No mutual funds or bonds.
Limited customer support.
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Robinhood is a free-trading app that lets investors trade stocks, options, exchange-traded funds and cryptocurrency without paying commissions or fees. Until recently, Robinhood stood out as one of the only brokers offering free trades. But with many big-name online brokers eliminating trading commissions and fees in late 2019, Robinhood's bright light has dimmed a little. That said, it's still a solid choice, and currently it's one of the few brokers that gives investors the opportunity to trade cryptocurrency.
Robinhood offers both web and mobile trading, but the platforms are purposely bare bones, and some investors may find the range of tradable securities and account options lacking.
» Want help managing your investments? See our top robo-advisors.
Robinhood is best for:
Individual taxable accounts.
Robinhood at a glance
$0 for brokerage account and for Robinhood Gold account; $2,000 for a margin account (regulatory minimum).
Stock trading costs
Account fees (annual, transfer, closing, inactivity)
No annual, inactivity or ACH transfer fees. $75 ACAT outgoing transfer fee. (Robinhood Gold costs $5 a month.)
• Stocks. • ETFs. • Options. • Cryptocurrency. • American Depositary Receipts for over 250 global companies.
Number of commission-free ETFs
All available ETFs trade commission-free.
Number of no-transaction-fee mutual funds
Web platform is purposely simple but meets basic investor needs.
Mobile trading platform includes customizable alerts, news feed, candlestick charts and ability to listen live to earnings calls.
Research and data
Free but limited. (Robinhood Gold, which costs $5 a month, includes access to Morningstar Research Reports and NASDAQ Level II Market Data.)
Customer support options (includes website transparency)
Email and social media.
Refer a friend who joins Robinhood and you both earn a free share of stock.
Where Robinhood shines
Commissions: What’s better than free? Robinhood’s commitment to providing 100% commission-free stock, options, ETF and cryptocurrency trades is admirable, and the savings for investors who trade frequently is significant. After all, every dollar you save on commissions and fees is a dollar added to your returns. Still, these days many big-name brokers also offer free trades, so it makes sense to compare other features when picking a broker.
» New to investing? Learn more about how to buy stocks.
Robinhood also seems committed to keeping other investor costs low. The Clearing by Robinhood service allows the company to operate on its own clearing system, which reduces some of the service's account fees.
One of the biggest fees Robinhood charges is the $75 outgoing account transfer fee, but that's not an unusual fee among brokers. (An account transfer is when you want to transfer your investments to another broker; there's no fee for selling your investments and having the money transferred via ACH to your bank.)
Account minimum: Robinhood doesn’t have one, which means investors can get started right away. Of course, in order to invest, you’ll need enough to purchase the investment you have your eye on. (Like other brokers, Robinhood requires a $2,000 minimum portfolio balance to open a margin account. This is a Financial Industry Regulatory Authority regulation.)
Fractional shares: Like some other brokers, including Interactive Brokers and Charles Schwab, Robinhood has introduced fractional shares. That means you can pay as little as $1 for a portion of a share, even if that share's full price is in the hundreds of dollars. This feature makes it much easier to build a diversified portfolio — you're able to buy many more companies, even if you don't have a lot of money to invest.
High-yield savings: In December 2019, Robinhood started offering a cash management account that currently pays 0.30%. The account comes with a debit card and free ATM withdrawals from more than 75,000 ATMs, and offers up to $1.25 million of FDIC insurance thanks to Robinhood's agreements with several banks.
Ease of use: If you’re accustomed to using a smartphone — and Robinhood's target user base obviously is — you’ll find the sign-up and account funding process quick and painless. It all happens within the app in a matter of minutes, with just a few quick questions that gather your personal information, contact details, Social Security number and means of funding your account. The company says approved customers are notified in less than an hour, at which point they can initiate bank transfers.
Robinhood uses instant verification with many major banks, sparing users the hassle of reporting micro-deposits to an account to verify information. Bank transfers of up to $1,000 are available instantly for investing, as are proceeds of up to $1,000 from selling stocks. Deposits larger than $1,000 will take four to five business days to process. Users can set up automatic deposits on a weekly, biweekly, monthly or quarterly schedule.
Streamlined interface: This could be a negative, as the service doesn’t offer all the bells and whistles of a typical online stock broker. But for investors who know what they want, the Robinhood platform is more than enough to quickly execute trades. It supports market orders, limit orders, stop limit orders and stop orders.
Both the mobile and web platforms also include a feature called collections, which are stocks organized by sector or category. Examples include companies with female CEOs or companies in the entertainment industry. On web, collections are sortable and allow investors to compare stocks side by side.
Robinhood also offers a tab bar at the bottom of the app, which offers quick access to portfolio values, watch lists, transaction history and account statements.
Robinhood Gold: Robinhood Gold offers investors the ability to trade on margin, also known as borrowed money. The opt-in service carries a flat monthly fee of $5.
New investors should be aware that margin trading is risky. You’re trading on money borrowed from the broker, which means you can lose more than you invest. (Here's more on how margin trading works.)
Improved research offerings: Though Robinhood's offerings still pale in comparison to other brokers, the company has made strides to increase the tools and research available for customers, offering analyst ratings, lists of top movers, earnings calendars and links to earnings calls. Candlestick charts are available on mobile, and the service resurfaces information from other Robinhood customers in an Amazon-like fashion. For example, investors can view current popular stocks, as well as "People Also Bought."
Where Robinhood falls short
Limited securities: Mutual funds and bonds aren't supported. Robinhood also lacks an automatic dividend reinvestment program, which means dividends are credited to accounts as cash rather than reinvested in the security that issued them. The company has said it hopes to offer this feature in the future.
One account option: For investing, Robinhood supports only individual taxable accounts (often called brokerage accounts; you can learn more about these accounts here). For most investors, investing through a taxable brokerage account should come only after they have invested 10% to 15% of their income for retirement in a tax-advantaged account like a 401(k) or IRA.
» Looking for a retirement account instead? See our roundup of best IRA account providers.
Customer support: Many brokerage customers understandably expect phone support, and they won't find it here — Robinhood's customer support is almost exclusively done through email. The company does not publish a phone number. It does have a useful and well-organized help center online, and the website is easy to navigate and transparent.
Is Robinhood right for you?
If a streamlined trading platform or the ability to trade cryptocurrency are important to you, Robinhood is a solid choice.
But now that plenty of online brokers have joined Robinhood in offering commission-free trades, casual investors can afford to shop for the broker that suits them best. Interested in other brokers that work well for new investors? See NerdWallet’s rankings of the best brokers for beginners.
Arielle O'Shea contributed to this review.
on Robinhood's website