It may be shocking to find that your credit card issuer has reduced your credit card limit, especially if it happens without warning. Your bank can technically change your line of credit anytime it wants to, bringing your balance dangerously close to the new limit. If this happens to you, there are options for coping with a reduced credit limit.
1. Contact your issuer
Ask your bank why your credit limit was reduced. Have any particular behaviors led them to think you’re going to become a credit risk? Are they suspicious of unusual spending patterns? (Or, do they have information that is inaccurate — a possible result of an error in your credit report or even identity theft?) Also, make a case for yourself: Tell your issuer about your sterling record of on-time payments or a recent salary increase, for example. If you did happen to fall behind on payments but have a good reason for it (like a medical emergency or temporary layoff), let your issuer know about that as well. If the account representative isn’t able to help, politely ask to speak to a supervisor.
2. Pay down your balance
As a rule of thumb, you shouldn’t carry a balance higher than 30% of your overall credit limit. The more you owe compared with your total available credit, the higher your credit utilization ratio — and the more likely your credit score will take a hit.
If your slashed credit limit puts your balance above that 30% threshold, you should make an effort to pay down your outstanding balance, especially if you’re planning to apply for a new loan in the near future. Building your credit score makes you more likely to qualify and get lower interest rates.
3. Consider transferring your balance
If the credit limit cut will put you above your limit, you should consider transferring your balance to another card. A 0% balance transfer card might be a good idea, since you could save money on interest payments. On the other hand, if you just want to shift part of your balance to stay under the limit, consider a no balance transfer fee card.
One thing you shouldn’t do in response to a credit limit reduction: cancel the card. Even with a reduced limit, the card is still contributing to your credit score. Keeping more accounts open, having a longer average account history and maintaining a larger overall credit limit all work to boost your FICO score.