Over the course of 30 days, you’ll likely get paid once or twice, buy groceries, purchase clothes and make a payment toward your rent or mortgage.
With all of these transactions happening within a given time frame, a month is the right amount of time to measure your budget.
Here’s how to make a monthly budget.
What is a monthly budget?
A monthly budget accounts for the money that goes in and out of your financial accounts over the course of one month.
Your monthly take-home income is divided into three categories: 50% for needs, 30% for wants and 20% for savings and debt repayment.
A good monthly budget should follow the 50/30/20 rule. According to this method, your monthly take-home income is divided into three categories: 50% for needs, 30% for wants and 20% for savings and debt repayment.
How to make a monthly budget
You can use a budgeting app to make a monthly budget for you, or you can make one yourself. Here’s how to design your own 50/30/20 plan in three simple steps.
- Use a 50/30/20 calculator. A budget calculator will do the math so you don’t have to divide dollars and cents. Try out the one below for yourself. Input your monthly after-tax income to get rough estimates for your spending on wants, needs and savings.
- Account for your expenses. Next, look at your current spending to see which expenses should be part of your monthly budget. For instance, your wants category may include your recurring music subscription, the movie tickets you buy and other things that fall outside of needs or savings/debt repayment. For a detailed list of possible budget categories, check out our list of monthly expenses.
- Fill out a worksheet. Ready to get started? NerdWallet’s budget worksheet is a good place to begin. Fill in the categories and automatically see how your spending maps up to the 50/30/20 rule. Make adjustments until you get to your desired levels. If you prefer to use Excel, there are lots of free budget spreadsheets and templates available online.