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A can be useful for consolidated existing credit card debt or making a large purchase. But not all 0% APR offers are equal, so it's critical to understand the terms before you sign up for a new card.
Here's how 0% APR credit cards really work and what to keep in mind before applying for one.
The offer may say "0% APR" in big, bold letters — but that could be referring to the rate on purchases, balance transfers or both. To find out what you’ll pay in each situation, read the , a table of rates and fees typically included in credit card offers. A single credit card can charge different interest rates:
And remember, if you're late on payments or max out your credit card, high interest rates aren't your only concern — your .
Even with a 0% APR card, you’ll still have to make monthly minimum payments — . And if your payment is late, even by a single day, your card issuer could cancel the 0% offer and reset your card's interest rate to the ongoing APR.
On top of costing you interest and late fees, missing payments could also end up hurting your credit scores. Payment history accounts for . If staying on top of due dates is a challenge for you, consider setting up automatic payments so you don’t have to worry about losing a no-interest offer.
Since we're on the subject, keep in mind that paying only the minimum each month will avoid late fees, but it won't do much to reduce your debt.
No matter what promotional deal you got on a new credit card, the rules remain the same as far as your credit scores. The amount of money you owe still accounts for 30% of your FICO score. If your — the percentage of your credit limit that you're using — is too high, your scores may suffer. In general, it's best to use less than 30% of your credit limit on any card.
If you got the 0% card to finance a big purchase, a hefty utilization ratio might be unavoidable in the short term, but use it as motivation to pay the debt down quickly. Making a lot of purchases in a short period of time? Consider making multiple payments each month to keep your utilization ratio low and avoid maxing out your card.
No-interest credit cards are only interest-free for a limited time. This period typically lasts anywhere from six to 18 months, depending on the credit card. And when this promotional period ends, your 0% APR will reset to the regular ongoing APR. Plus, the credit card issuer isn't obligated to remind you to pay off the debt. If you're still carrying a balance on your card, you'll start accruing interest on that remaining amount. That could be costly because .
Before using your 0% APR card for the first time, consider setting a calendar reminder noting when the promotional APR period ends. Aim to pay off the balance by that date to avoid finance charges.
Although there's no "official" limit on how many 0% APR credit cards you’re allowed to have at once, in reality, each lender has its own limits on to any individual. An issuer might approve you for multiple cards, but it's likely to cap your total credit, which limits total account balances.
Many banks also have restrictions when it comes to balance transfer offers. Chase, for example, caps the amount of balance transfers at $15,000 within any 30-day period. Further, most issuers also won't allow you to transfer a balance from one of their cards to another. And, of course, your credit has to be good enough to get approved for an offer in the first place. The best 0% offers generally require good to excellent credit.
Let's say you're looking to transfer $10,000 in debt to a 0% card, or you have a $10,000 home repair you would like to finance without interest. There's no guarantee you'll get approved for the amount you need on a new card. In most cases, you'll find out your credit limit only after you're approved. If you were hoping to get a break on the $10,000 expense, but you get approved for a limit of $5,000, you're still stuck with figuring out what to do about the difference.
If you pay off your credit cards in full every month, a 0% APR offer might not mean anything to you. That's because if you never carry a balance, you don't pay interest. Unless you're planning on making large purchases and paying off your balance over several months, consider looking for you can use, like airline miles or cash back on groceries or gas.