It’s an unfortunate fact that credit cards for bad credit tend to have terrible terms, and that issuers often market their worst financial products to those who can least afford them. There are however, a few diamonds in the rough that carry higher fees than card for great credit, but are not horrible either. (By the way, before you get started, you should understand what a secured credit card is and how it works. For an explanation, click here).
Shiny advertisements scream out cards’ benefits: “No credit check! Reports to major bureau! No introductory APR!” These claims, though, sometimes mask interest rate hikes, unexpected fees and even outright scams. Everyone, and especially those with bad credit, should be on their guard when choosing a credit card.
To cut to the chase, if you have pretty bad credit, try a local credit union, as they often have cards specifically designed for people seeking to rebuild credit. Also, check out our top picks:
The Orchard Bank credit card
IThe Orchard Bank credit cards come in two versions, secured and unsecured, both of which offer something unique. The unsecured is pretty much the easiest one of its class to qualify for, and we’ve seen FICO scores as low as 600 qualify. The secured has really good terms, with a low fee and a low interest rate. Plus, Orchard will lend you a secured card as long as you can post the minimum $200 deposit, no matter your credit score or your bankruptcy status. Most other lenders won’t lend to someone just out of bankruptcy. The secured’s got a $35 annual fee, waived the first year, and a low 7.9% APR. The unsecured has a worse APR and an ongoing $59 annual fee ($68 the first year) but you don’t have to post collateral upfront.
The Capital One Secured
on Capital One's
on Capital One's
A word of warning: the PerkStreet debit card will not rebuild your credit. It’s a debit card, so while you automatically qualify, you won’t be affecting your credit score either way. However, as debit cards go, PerkStreet kicks butt. It gives 1% rewards on non-PIN purchases made anywhere, plus 2% at select merchants. And no matter how much money is in the account, you never pay any monthly maintenance or debit usage fees.
What to expect, and what you shouldn’t stand for
If you have bad credit, you probably know that you won’t be getting killer rewards deals. In fact, you’ll be seeing interest rates that are, on average, about twice the rate of low APR credit cards. You’re also more likely to pay annual fees. These are standard for bad credit cards.
Carefully weigh the tradeoff between a card that has an annual fee with a lower APR and a card with no fee but a higher interest rate. Most consumers prefer no fee cards above all else, even though they may end up paying more in interest over time. Make a realistic decision based on your likelihood of carrying a balance.
Your credit card should not have an interest rate above 30%. The Credit CARD Act of 2009 stipulates that the total fees you pay in the first year cannot exceed 25% of your credit limit, so if you have a $300 credit line, make sure you aren’t being charged more than $75 in fees. Also make sure that you won’t be hit with new fees once the law’s protections expire, and keep an eye out for sneaky processing fees that will be levied before you receive the card.
Some of the best cards offer lower interest rates than usual, or waive penalty interest rates. Such cards are often issued by federal credit unions, which are not-for-profit institutions that cannot legally charge more than 18% interest.
Cards to avoid
Some cards make fraudulent claims, and a few should be avoided at all costs. These cards in particular promote themselves as easily accessible, requiring no credit check, but can actually be detrimental to your finances.
Net First Platinum & Horizon Gold: These two cards, issued by Horizon Card Services, are among the worst we’ve seen. They aren’t actually lines of credit, and only offer credit toward the Horizon Outlet store. Customers say that it’s extremely difficult to get rid of the cards once they realize what they’ve signed up for. Despite the bold lines on the NetFirstPlatinum site, the cards are not credit cards, the $500 credit limit is meaningless, and according to the disclosures buried deep on the website, they will not help to rebuild your credit score.
First Premier cards: The Aventium and Centennial from First Premier have just about the worst terms of any actual credit cards. They come with a $300 credit limit and $75 in first-year fees that count against that limit, effectively reducing it to $225. After the CARD Act’s regulations end, second-year fees jump sharply, beginning with a monthly fee and ending with a 25% cut of any credit limit increase.
Prepaid debit cards: Prepaid debit cards are probably the most prolific of the cards listed here. Offered by nearly everyone, from the Walmart MoneyCard to Russell Simmons’ Rush Card, prepaid cards sell themselves as responsible alternatives to lines of credit. They help you to stick to a budget, or so they claim, and some say they’ll report your good behavior to a “major credit bureau.” This last assertion sparked an investigation from Florida’s attorney general, since, as a debit card, a prepaid card won’t have any affect on your credit score.
Regular debit cards offer many of the same benefits prepaid, including fraud and overdraft protection, and help with sticking to a financial plan without the myriad fees you often see with prepaid cards. While a prepaid card may charge for ATM withdrawals, reloading, and balance inquiries on top of a monthly fee, most checking accounts have no fees or low fees that can be avoided by making minimum balance requirements.
In fact, you can even find rewards checking accounts that will give 1-2% back on whatever you spend. Other high-yield checking accounts, like the ones at Lake Michigan and Consumers Credit Unions, will give up to 4% of your average daily balance each year. No checking account will require a credit score.
How to rebuild your credit without losing money
Fortunately, there are a number of honest credit cards for bad credit. Credit unions tend to be friendlier to low FICO scores and limited credit histories. Spectrum Federal, for example, offers decent terms on its Visa Creditbuilder. You may be stuck with pre-approved credit cards if you’re fresh out of bankruptcy or have an extremely low FICO score, but even those can come with reasonable terms.
Secured credit cards: If you have really bad credit, your only option is likely to be a secured credit card. Unlike prepaid cards, these actually do extend a line of credit and help to rehabilitate your credit score. However, unlike regular credit cards, they require you to post collateral upfront, usually equal to your credit limit. This deposit won’t pay down your balance, and will be returned once you close the account. So, for example, let’s say you apply for the Capital One Secured credit card. Once you’re approved, you give them $49. Your credit limit is then $49. You use the CapOne Secured to build up your credit score, and eventually, you move on to another card. When you close your account, you get that $49 back untouched.
Orchard Bank: Orchard Bank is the issuer most sympathetic to bad credit, and will always conduct its credit checks in such a way that they won’t hurt your credit score. They approve anyone who can pay the deposit for the Orchard Bank Secured MasterCard. You can qualify even if you’re fresh out of bankruptcy, making the Orchard Bank MasterCard among the best bankruptcy credit cards. Its annual fee of $35 is waived the first year, and its APR is an unusually low 7.9%. Their standards and fees are slightly higher for the Orchard Bank credit card, requiring a salary of at least $12,000 and charging $59 a year. However, it’s the easiest unsecured card to qualify for.
Citibank and Capital One Secured: Both Citi and Capital One offer secured credit cards with annual fees of $29. The interest rates are higher, 18.24% and 22.9%, respectively, but they offer the option to “trade up” to unsecured cards if you use them responsibly. We think Capital One is the better choice, because they’re really good about lending to you after bankruptcy. Capital One will lend you a secured credit card immediately after bankruptcy, while Citibank considers applicants on a case-by-case basis.
Use our prepaid card finder to save money and find better deals.
Use our prepaid card finder to save money and find better deals.