How to Plan a Funeral: A 6-Step Checklist for Funeral Arrangments

Speaking with different funeral homes and collecting multiple quotes can help you save money.
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Planning a funeral can be a balancing act: You want to create a memorable event that celebrates your loved one, but you might have a limited budget or a short timeline. And on top of that, it can be hard to make funeral arrangements when you’re grieving. Here are some steps to follow.

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1. Discuss funeral arrangements with close family and friends

Generally, the executor of the deceased person’s estate is responsible for making funeral plans, and the costs are covered by the estate. But as the executor, you might still want to include close family or friends in the planning process. Consider asking for input about important details, such as:

  • Budget and the best way to prioritize spending.

  • The type of funeral arrangements (such as whether there will be a viewing or a celebration of life).

  • Burial versus cremation.

  • Venue, such as services held at a house of worship, a funeral home or elsewhere.

Remember to take into account any pre-arrangements or preferences the deceased may have made.

2. Gather obituary information

While you’re discussing potential funeral arrangements with family members, start gathering information for the published obituary. You’ll need:

  • The deceased's birthdate. 

  • Date of death.

  • Relevant details about their personal interests and life story. 

  • A list of surviving relatives and next of kin (e.g., spouse, children and grandchildren). 

  • Funeral or memorial times and dates, if the events are open to members of the public.

Generally, a funeral director can help with writing and submitting the obituary to the local paper and online.

Try to notify close friends and family members of the death and funeral arrangements before making a more public announcement in an obituary.

3. Gather quotes from providers

Take the time to speak to different funeral homes and cremation services and get multiple quotes to find the best provider, package and price.

Because of the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC) funeral rule, any funeral director you contact about pricing is legally required to provide you with price quotes over the phone and a printed, detailed list of prices when you visit in person

Federal Trade Commission. Complying with the Funeral Rule. Accessed Jul 26, 2023.
. Many providers also post prices online.

Funeral homes also generally offer cremation services as an option, and many crematories offer funeral planning services. In both cases, you’ll get a list of options and how much they cost, and you can choose which ones you want to purchase.

In most states, people aren't legally required to use a funeral home to plan and conduct a funeral

Federal Trade Commission. Choosing a Funeral Provider. Accessed Jul 26, 2023.
. But because you still have to comply with laws relating to reporting a death and completing a death certificate, it's generally easier to use professional services — at least for some things — rather than trying to do it all yourself.

Search the National Funeral Director Association’s database for funeral directors near you.

4. Select a casket or cremation container

Your funeral provider can offer to sell you a casket or cremation container, but you also have the right to shop elsewhere.

When shopping for a casket or cremation container, you’re still protected by the FTC’s funeral rule

Federal Trade Commission. Funeral Rule. Accessed Jul 26, 2023.
. If you’ve chosen burial in a casket but don’t end up purchasing one through your funeral provider, the provider can't refuse or charge a fee for handling a casket that you purchased elsewhere.

5. Choose the location of the interment or burial

Next, you'll have to decide on the deceased person's final resting place. Some questions to consider:

  • Do you have a family cemetery plot?

  • Will your loved one's remains be interred in a burial vault or mausoleum?

  • Does the cemetery meet your spiritual and religious requirements?

  • Is the deceased entitled to a free burial in a national cemetery

    Federal Trade Commission. Veterans Cemeteries. Accessed Jul 26, 2023.
    ?

These are all questions your funeral provider can work through with you based on your preferences and budget.

🤓Nerdy Tip

The FTC's funeral rule doesn’t cover cemeteries and mausoleums unless they sell both funeral goods and services. This means you might not receive the same price transparency when buying a burial plot as you would when paying for funeral services.

6. Decide who will participate, and share funeral arrangement details

If you have family members or friends you want to be involved in the service — by reading a eulogy, for example — share the details of your plans and ask them to participate.

Finally, invite friends, family and community members to the funeral or memorial service. If you're planning a large service, consider sharing information about the funeral with the deceased person's religious organization, school or workplace.

How long does it take to plan a funeral?

It generally takes a few days to a week to plan and hold funeral services after losing a loved one. This includes all the time it takes to submit paperwork, find a funeral provider, plan the service, and gather family and friends.

Although burial and viewing generally need to be done quickly — often within a week — there’s no rule that a funeral or memorial service needs to be done within the same short time frame. You might have a small ceremony for the burial and a larger service months later, for example. And if you’re choosing cremation services and not doing a viewing, you might have to wait a week or longer before receiving the ashes, which could postpone memorial plans.

Frequently asked questions

When a body is cremated, it goes through the incineration process until it becomes ash. With a burial, the body remains intact.

In 2023, the median cost of a funeral including a viewing and burial was $8,300, and for a viewing and cremation, the median cost was $6,280, according to the most recent information available from the National Funeral Directors Association.

Most funeral services are about an hour long. If there is a burial following the service, it might take longer.

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