Perkins loan holders who work in a public service position are eligible to have their student debt partially or fully erased through a federal forgiveness program after working in approved public service jobs and making qualifying payments.
What are Perkins loans?
Perkins loans are subsidized loans for undergraduate and graduate borrowers with extreme financial need. The loan program was eliminated Sept. 30, 2017, after renewal efforts failed in Congress. However, you can still pursue forgiveness for existing Perkins loans if you qualify.
The total amount of Perkins loans that borrowers could take out as an undergrad was $27,500; as a grad student, borrowers could get an additional $32,500. Perkins loans, unlike other federal loans, always carry a 5% interest rate and don't have fees.
Who qualifies for Perkins loan forgiveness?
Forgiveness through public service
Depending on the kind of public service job you have, you could see up to 100% of your Perkins loans forgiven after five years. You can apply for a percentage of your loan amount to be forgiven as early as your first completed year in a qualifying public service position. To learn more, find the loan amount you’re eligible to have discharged based on your job.
If you work in one of these jobs full time, you could qualify for forgiveness:
Attorney employed in a federal public or community defender organization
Child or family services worker providing services to high-risk children and their families from low-income communities
Educator in a prekindergarten or child care program licensed by the state
Faculty member at a tribal college or university
Head Start program worker
Law enforcement or corrections officer
Member of the U.S. armed forces serving in a hostile fire or imminent danger pay area
Nurse or medical technician
Professional provider of early intervention services
Speech pathologist or librarian with a master’s degree, working in a Title I eligible elementary or secondary school
Volunteer in the AmeriCorps VISTA or Peace Corps
Cancellation through circumstance
You’re eligible for immediate and total discharge of 100% of your Perkins loan amount in the cases of:
Bankruptcy, if the bankruptcy court rules repayment would cause undue hardship
School closure, if your school closed before you could complete your degree
Total and permanent disability
How to apply for Perkins loan forgiveness
Perkins loans are disbursed to you directly by your college, which means you’ll need to go through your school for loan forgiveness. Call your school’s financial aid office and ask for a Perkins loan cancellation application.
To receive forgiveness, you must show proof that you worked in a qualifying public service job during the period in which you apply.
What happens if you’re approved?
Your loans likely will be forgiven in increasing percentages each year for the time that you work in the public interest. For most jobs, in the first and second years working, 15% of your loans would be canceled each year. In the third and fourth years, 20% of the loans would be forgiven each year. By your fifth year, the remaining balance, the last 30% of your loans, would be canceled. The amount forgiven includes all accrued loan interest during each year of service.