4 Common Airline Fees — And How to Avoid Them

Add-on fees for baggage and seat selection can usually be avoided with the right credit card or status.
Lee Huffman
By Lee Huffman 
Edited by June Casagrande

Many or all of the products featured here are from our partners who compensate us. This influences which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page. However, this does not influence our evaluations. Our opinions are our own. Here is a list of our partners and here's how we make money.

When you’re shopping for flights, the price you see in the online travel search engines may not be the total cost of the flight you can expect to pay. Airline add on fees can increase the price significantly. In some cases, these extra fees can even exceed the original price of your ticket.

Here are some of the airline add-on fees to watch out for and a few tips to avoid paying them.

Example airline charges

Be prepared to pay extra for these fees: checked bags, flight change/cancellation, seat selection and even carry-on luggage.

1. Checked bag fees

Checked bag fees keep going up. Airlines now charge up to $35 or more each way for the first checked bag. For a family of four, that’s an extra $280 for a round-trip flight. Airlines usually charge even more for a second checked bag or if your bag is too heavy or too big.

How to avoid checked bag fees

Many airline credit cards include the first checked bag for free for you and sometimes for travel companions on the same itinerary. Airline elite status and some ticket types (particularly premium classes) also include free checked bags. Or, you can fly Southwest Airlines, which gives passengers two free checked bags on every flight.

2. Flight change and cancellation fees

If you need to change or cancel a flight, airlines may charge a fee to adjust your ticket. For some flights, the fees can be more than the price of your ticket. In those cases, it may not be worth it to cancel your flight — all that you’ll get is a travel credit worth less than what you paid in cancellation fees.

How to avoid change or cancellation fees

During coronavirus pandemic, many major U.S. airlines eliminated change or cancellation fees for tickets purchased both with cash and rewards. Take advantage of these relaxed rules while you can by searching for deals on a future trip and booking now, knowing you can get a travel credit with no fees if you change your mind.

Further, if you’re a top-tier elite member of certain airline loyalty programs, like American Airlines AAdvantage, you can make changes for free.

This ticket flexibility often extends to non-basic economy tickets. Only book the lowest tier fare if you're 100% confident that your travel plans won't change.

3. Seat selection fees

Some airlines charge a premium if you want to choose your seat ahead of your flight. This makes it harder to ensure that you can sit next to your travel companions. Plus, if you want a coveted bulkhead, exit row or other seat with more legroom, you can expect to pay even more out of pocket.

How to avoid seat assignment fees

In general, we recommend not paying for seat selection at all. Airlines sometimes make it seem like you must choose a seat and pay the fee, but you don't. You risk being placed toward the back of the plane or in the middle seat, but you will save some money.

Other options to avoid seat selection fees include earning elite status or booking a higher class of seats. In some loyalty programs, higher status puts you toward the front of the line for the first choice. Plus, you may even be able to score an upgrade to business or first class. When you book a premium cabin, you generally get your choice of the available seats in that section of the plane at booking.

You can also fly Southwest Airlines, which has flyers both board and select seats based on the order in which they checked in.

4. Carry-on bag fees

Many travelers stick to carry-on bags to avoid checked bag fees, eliminate the wait at baggage claim or prevent their bags from being delayed or lost. Some ticket classes on airlines now charge travelers for bringing a bag even onto the plane. If you want to use the overhead bins, you may have to pay extra. Most still allow a personal item that can fit under the seat.

How to avoid carry-on bag fees

The best option is to avoid purchasing the ticket types that charge carry-on bag fees. You can opt instead for the next class of tickets that allow a carry-on, which will likely be more expensive. If you're set on the cheapest fare, prepay for your carry-on bag whenever possible — it might be cheaper to book in advance rather than the day of your flight.

Of course, you could opt to pack lightly enough so that everything fits under the seat in front of you.

Travel cards that can erase some airline fees

Some cards come with travel credits you can use to offset airline fees. This means if you use that specific card to cover the cost of extraneous fees, you might be entitled to a credit.

What qualifies for a credit varies from card to card and issuer to issuer. It is best to read through your card's terms and conditions to ensure any given airline fee is considered an eligible purchase.

If you want to avoid airline fees

Airline fees are big business. According to the U.S. Bureau of Transportation, the airline industry earned $2.8 billion in 2020 from checked baggage fees alone. But by knowing your airline’s rules, understanding the benefits you’re entitled to as an elite member or having the right credit card, you’ll skip these fees and keep more of your money in your pocket.

The information related to the Citi Prestige® Card has been collected by NerdWallet and has not been reviewed or provided by the issuer or provider of this product or service.

How to maximize your rewards

You want a travel credit card that prioritizes what’s important to you. Here are our picks for the best travel credit cards of 2024, including those best for:

Travel Cards from Our Partners
Chase Sapphire Preferred Credit Card

on Chase's website

Chase Sapphire Preferred® Card
NerdWallet Rating
Rewards rate


5x on travel purchased through Chase Travel℠, 3x on dining, select streaming services and online groceries, 2x on all other travel purchases, 1x on all other purchases.


Intro offer


Earn 60,000 bonus points after you spend $4,000 on purchases in the first 3 months from account opening. That's $750 when you redeem through Chase Travel℠.

Chase Freedom Unlimited Credit Card

on Chase's website

Chase Freedom Unlimited®
NerdWallet Rating
Rewards rate


Enjoy 6.5% cash back on travel purchased through Chase Travel; 4.5% cash back on drugstore purchases and dining at restaurants, including takeout and eligible delivery service, and 3% on all other purchases (on up to $20,000 spent in the first year). After your first year or $20,000 spent, enjoy 5% cash back on travel purchased through Chase Travel, 3% cash back on drugstore purchases and dining at restaurants, including takeout and eligible delivery service, and unlimited 1.5% cash back on all other purchases.


Intro offer


Earn an additional 1.5% cash back on everything you buy (on up to $20,000 spent in the first year) - worth up to $300 cash back!

Capital One Venture Rewards Credit Card

on Capital One's website

Capital One Venture Rewards Credit Card
NerdWallet Rating
Rewards rate


Earn unlimited 2X miles on every purchase, every day. Earn 5X miles on hotels and rental cars booked through Capital One Travel, where you'll get Capital One's best prices on thousands of trip options.


Intro offer


Enjoy a one-time bonus of 75,000 miles once you spend $4,000 on purchases within 3 months from account opening, equal to $750 in travel.

See more travel cards
Get more smart money moves – straight to your inbox
Sign up and we’ll send you Nerdy articles about the money topics that matter most to you along with other ways to help you get more from your money.