Cash Management Accounts vs. Brokerage Accounts: How They Compare

Chanelle BessetteOctober 5, 2020
On a similar note...
On a similar note...
Cash Management Accounts vs. Brokerage Accounts: How They Compare

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If you're interested in the stock market, chances are you've heard of brokerages like Wealthfront, SoFi Money and Robinhood. And over the past year or two, more of these firms have begun offering cash management accounts as well as investment accounts.

So what's the difference between the two types of accounts? It lies in whether you’re looking to spend and save or whether you’re looking to invest. Even though cash management and brokerage accounts are both offered by brokerages, their functions are very different.

CMAs — which behave similarly to bank accounts — allow customers to park their money and earn a set interest rate, often with the ability to make purchases with a debit card. Brokerage accounts help customers invest in assets like stocks, bonds and mutual funds, which can earn investment income.

Here's more on the similarities and differences between CMAs and brokerage accounts.

What’s the difference between cash management accounts and brokerage accounts?

Similarities

Differences

  • Both types of accounts are offered by brokerages.

  • They both have the potential to earn returns on cash.

  • These two kinds of accounts can be linked to each other under the same brokerage.

  • Earnings — whether interest or investment income — come from different places. Brokerage accounts earn income from market performance, and CMA customers earn interest from their CMA provider.

  • Earnings are potentially much higher for brokerage accounts over time, but can lose value with poor market performance.

  • CMAs have set interest rates while brokerage earnings are variable depending how your investments are performing.

  • Insurance coverage comes from different sources. SIPC insurance covers brokerage firm failure or theft, and CMAs receive FDIC insurance when funds are swept to partner banks behind the scenes when a customer makes a deposit.

  • Money in a CMA can usually be used to pay bills and make purchases, sometimes with use of a debit card or check writing; money in a brokerage account is strictly for buying, trading and selling stocks, bonds, funds and other securities.

Cash management account definition

A cash management account is a cash account that’s offered by nonbank financial service providers and helps customers spend and save their uninvested money. These accounts are often provided by brokerage and investment firms as a way to complement investment accounts.

Brokerage account definition

A brokerage account is an investment account that allows customers to buy various investments, including stocks, bonds and mutual funds. The brokerage firm can help customers pick their assets, and customers can earn money on their investments.

Which type of account is best for me?

If you’re looking to do something productive with your cash, then you have very different options to choose from if you’re considering a brokerage account versus a CMA. The best option for you depends on your financial goals. Here’s what to consider when making your choice.

Think about how you want your cash to work for you. Cash management accounts and brokerage accounts serve different purposes. The earnings from brokerage accounts vary depending on stock market performance, but overall they have the potential to earn much more than CMAs over time. However, there is no guarantee your investments will pay off — there’s always the risk you’ll lose some or all of your cash. A good guideline: Never invest any cash you need back in the next five years, so you can weather inevitable market ups and downs.

CMAs, on the other hand, can be used as a stable place to put and use cash on a daily basis, especially those that offer debit cards that allow customers to make purchases.

Evaluate how you feel about risk. You stand to earn more with an investment account, but you also risk losses. With a CMA, you’ll earn a bit of interest — likely quite a bit less than your investment income — but your savings aren’t at the mercy of the performance of the stock market. A CMA will function more like a traditional checking or savings account.

You can consider getting both kinds of accounts. Since CMAs and brokerage accounts are both offered by brokerage firms, they can often be linked if they’re available from the same provider. With these accounts linked, it can be easy to transfer funds back and forth between investing or spending and saving.

COMPARE CASH MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTS

SoFi Money®
NerdWallet rating 

at SoFi

APY:

  • 0.20%

Key features:

  • Highly rated mobile app.

  • Comes with a debit card.

Betterment Cash Reserve
NerdWallet rating 

at Betterment

APY:

  • 0.40%

Key features:

  • ATM fees reimbursed worldwide.

  • Offers debit cards for Betterment Checking account.

Aspiration Spend & Save Account
NerdWallet rating 

at Aspiration, Deposits are FDIC Insured

APY:

  • 1.00%

Key features:

  • Spending tracker for social impact.

  • Unlimited free ATM withdrawals at Allpoint ATMs.

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