A VantageScore is a credit score jointly developed by the three major credit bureaus to predict how likely you are to repay borrowed money. It is used by lenders, landlords and financial institutions to evaluate creditworthiness.
Credit bureaus Experian, TransUnion and Equifax came up with the algorithm to produce VantageScore in 2006, competing against the better-known FICO scores. Initially, VantageScore was on a different scale than FICO, but the most recent revisions have a 300 to 850 scale, just like FICO’s.
VantageScore has begun to get lenders’ attention, and it is widely offered to consumers for free. About 12 billion VantageScores were used by lenders from July 2018 through June 2019, according to research firm Oliver Wyman.
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What matters most for VantageScores
VantageScore prefers not to use percentages to describe how much weight it gives various credit factors, as FICO does, but instead describes them in terms of influence.
Payment history is “extremely influential,” while age and type of credit and the percentage of credit used are “highly influential.”
Total balances and debt are “moderately influential,” and recent credit behavior and debt are “less influential.”
However, VantageScore has also broken down its contributing factors this way in the past:
- Payment history: 40%
- Credit age and mix: 21%
- Credit utilization: 20%
- Balances: 11%
- Recent credit applications: 5%
- Available credit: 3%
Still, the factors that matter most in FICO scores are also the most heavily weighted for VantageScores. For both, the single most important thing consumers can do to help their scores is to pay on time.
VantageScores are on a range of 300 to 850, which is the same range as a typical FICO. A score closer to the maximum 850 means better credit.
The proprietary VantageScore formula is applied to the data in your credit reports. Often the credit bureaus have slightly a different mix of data because not every creditor reports activity to all three, so your score may vary for each bureau.
VantageScore has announced a 4.0 version, and it is being tested by credit bureaus, according to spokesman Jeff Richardson.
It will treat medical debt in collections more leniently than the 3.0 version does. It also will update how data is approached, paying attention to how credit factors are trending (getting better or getting worse).
How to get a VantageScore
VantageScore also maintains a list of free credit score providers, along with information on which credit bureau’s score is offered and how often it updates.
VantageScore vs. FICO
It can take less time to establish a VantageScore than a FICO score. VantageScore can produce a score with just a month or two of a consumer opening a credit account. FICO scores require six months of credit history.
Another difference is that some consumers who can’t be scored by most FICO models because of a limited credit history can still get a VantageScore.
VantageScore 3.0 also:
- Ignores paid collections. (So does the new FICO 9 and the upcoming FICO 10 and FICO 10T models. FICO 9 is not as widely used as FICO 8; the FICO 10 models are expected to roll out in summer 2020.)
- Weighs late mortgage payments more heavily than other late payments, though all can damage your score.
- Allows just 14 days for rate-shopping for a car or mortgage (counting all inquiries in that time as one), compared with 45 days for FICO.
- Makes allowances for consumers affected by natural disasters.
If you are looking to track your score over time for credit-building purposes, a VantageScore will do the job as well as a FICO. The same behaviors influence them both.
The strategy for achieving a good score remains the same: pay bills on time and keep balances low. Conversely, paying late or using too much of your credit limit lowers your score.