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Editor’s note, April 27, 2020: On April 24, 2020, The Federal Reserve announced that it would remove the requirement that banks and credit unions enforce the limit of six convenience withdrawals per month from a savings account. Many banks and credit unions have temporarily waived excessive withdrawal fees on savings in response to widespread financial distress caused by the coronavirus situation. To find out if your bank or credit union is one of them, call its customer service line.
What is a savings account?
A savings account is a place where you can store your money securely while earning interest. Unlike investment accounts, they are federally insured, which means up to $250,000 of the money in your account would be covered if the bank failed.
Why you need a savings account
Using a savings account creates some distance between everyday spending money, kept in your checking account, and cash that's meant for a later date, like an emergency fund or vacation savings.
Here is a side-by-side comparison of savings accounts at brick-and-mortar and online banks. Online accounts tend to offer interest rates that are significantly higher than the national average of 0.06%, and many offer long hours for customer service via phone as well. But if you prefer in-person assistance, you might choose a traditional bank.
compare traditional and online savings accounts
What you need to know about savings accounts
Savings accounts with strong APYs can help your money grow. Lending the bank money enables it to turn around and offer loans to other customers, so the bank is paying you a little interest as a thank you.
"A little interest" is all too true for most accounts, but you can find higher rates at online banks. These banks don't have to support expensive brick-and-mortar branches, enabling them to offer competitive annual percentage yields, or APYs, that are above 1%. These accounts tend to have low initial deposit requirements and typically don't charge monthly maintenance fees.
» Want to learn more? Check out NerdWallet's analysis of the pros and cons of online banks.
Savings accounts are designed to store money that you don't need immediately. Keeping that money in a separate account can ensure that it's there when you do.”
Money kept in a savings account isn't quite as accessible as cash kept in a checking account. If easy access is what you're looking for, visit NerdWallet's list of the best checking accounts. These accounts don't have many fees and might even earn interest.
Federal law limits the number of transfers or withdrawals from a savings account to six a month. Making any additional transfers — by check, debit card or online, for example — typically results in a fee. Taking money out through a teller or ATM doesn't count toward this six-per-month limit.
These withdrawal limits may be a blessing in disguise. Keeping that money in a separate savings account can ensure that it's there when you need it, like in case of emergency or when it comes time to replace your current car.
How much to keep in your savings account
It's smart to keep from three to six months’ worth of living expenses in your savings account in case of job loss or other emergency. But saving even $500 can get you out of many minor financial scrapes. Aim for $500 and build from there.
After you build a cushion, look to the future. Make sure you are investing for your retirement. (Learn how to figure out how much you should save your for retirement.) An individual retirement account is a solid next step for those with sufficient savings. (Read more about individual retirement accounts here.) Keep in mind that these may provide better returns than a savings account but also may be riskier, depending on the investments you choose within it.
Alternatives to savings accounts
If you're looking for more choices that don't involve risk, here are a few federally insured alternatives. Banks and credit unions give people a couple of other savings vehicles to choose from:
Money market accounts, which often require a higher minimum balance and in return offer a slightly better rate. The account might also come with a debit card or the ability to write checks, but transactions are still limited to a handful per month.
» Learn more about what a money market account is
Certificate of deposit, or CD, which holds money for a fixed term, anywhere from a few months to a few years. This account usually offers the highest annual percentage yield; the longer the term you commit to, the higher the interest rate. Open a CD only with money you won't need immediately, because withdrawing money before the end of the term carries a penalty.
» Read up on types of CDs
Cash management accounts, or CMAs, are cash accounts that are offered by nonbank financial service providers like investment firms or robo-advisors. They tend to have high interest rates and can be especially convenient if you have an investment account with the same provider.
» Learn more about how CMAs compare to high-yield savings accounts
» Check out more options with NerdWallet’s guide: 5 Best Alternatives to Traditional Savings Accounts
Where to find the best savings accounts
If a basic savings account serves you best, start your search by looking at online banks and credit unions. These types of financial institutions, which are heavily featured in NerdWallet's list of the best online savings accounts, keep fees to a minimum, offer high rates and might even offer special tools to help you manage your savings.
Once you've decided on a bank, you can open a savings account online or at a branch, where you'll need to provide a government-issued photo ID and other pieces of information, including your Social Security number, phone number and address.