What’s a Charge-Off?

A charge-off does not mean you no longer have to repay a debt. A creditor can still come after full payment.
NerdWalletSep 13, 2019
Credit Card Charge-Off

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If you’re far behind on your credit card payments, you might find that your debt has been charged off. A charge-off occurs when an account is seriously delinquent — for credit cards, that’s after  of not making the minimum payment.

Your payment has to be that late before it can be written off by the creditor as bad debt for tax purposes. But even if your bank has written off the debt as uncollectable, you aren’t necessarily off the hook.

Here are four things to expect if a bank charges off your credit card debt.

Considering your account as “uncollectable” is an accounting term, and it doesn’t affect whether you . Your lender is still entitled to the full amount owed, though it can only collect until the state-mandated expires. Your card issuer may still decide to pursue the debt in full, and it’s legally entitled to do so.

However, your card issuer might decide not to do the work of collecting the money. Instead, it may hire a , or even sell your debt for pennies on the dollar. In that case, you’ll owe the collection agency, not the bank. , though: Debt collection scams abound, so make sure the company you pay is the one that owns your debt.

Having your account charged off can leave a black mark on your credit report after the account first went late.

That, combined with the records of missed payments that led to the charge-off, will make it difficult to qualify for mortgages, auto loans, new credit cards and so forth.

In the meantime, keep all your accounts current and use only a small percentage of your available credit on other cards.

If you have and are unable to make your payments, consider consulting a bankruptcy attorney.

If you can't get the debt erased, entering a or seeking may help. A nonprofit advising agency can work with you and your creditors to make a reasonable repayment plan and give you a chance to eliminate your debt.

Plus, entering a payment plan won’t restart the clock on the seven years that charge-offs stay on your credit report unless you open a new account and roll the debt into it.

Finally, if the charge-off was due to a temporary setback, like a layoff or medical emergency, you can try writing to your lender and asking it to remove the negative information on .

It helps if you can point to a solid history of on-time payments since the charge-off and can give a specific reason for why you fell behind in the first place.

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