Smart Money Podcast: Credit Card Secrets Revealed and How to Balance Multiple Loans

Learn handy tips you probably didn’t know about credit cards and why paying off loans could actually lower your credit score.
Sara Rathner
Sean Pyles
By Sean Pyles and  Sara Rathner 
Published
Edited by Nikita Turk

Many or all of the products featured here are from our partners who compensate us. This influences which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page. However, this does not influence our evaluations. Our opinions are our own. Here is a list of our partners and here's how we make money.

Welcome to NerdWallet’s Smart Money podcast, where we answer your real-world money questions. In this episode:

Learn handy tips you probably didn’t know about credit cards and why paying off loans could actually lower your credit score.

Credit Card Tips: What are some helpful credit card tips? Can paying off your student debt negatively affect your credit score? Hosts Sean Pyles and Sara Rathner discuss insider credit card tips to help you understand our options when shopping for and using credit cards. They begin with tips and tricks on navigating interest rate changes, maximizing reward points, limits on applying for new credit cards, and how you can strategically upgrade or downgrade your credit cards.

Listener Conversation: Xay from Minnesota joins Sean and Sara to discuss the end of their student loan journey and ask questions about the impact on their credit score as they plan to finance a new car. The Nerds dive deep into how paying off a loan might affect your credit score and share strategies to manage credit card debt for better credit utilization. They provide practical tips on building and maintaining a strong credit score, including the benefits of secured credit cards and credit builder loans. They also share strategies for car shopping, including loan pre-approval and considering a mix of new and used vehicles.

NerdBuild is a credit-building loan designed for those with no or low credit history. Just set your automatic monthly payments and watch your credit score climb. Learn more at https://www.nerdwallet.com/article/finance/how-to-build-credit

Check out this episode on your favorite podcast platform, including:

NerdWallet stories related to this episode:

Have a money question? Text or call us at 901-730-6373. Or you can email us at [email protected]. To hear previous episodes, go to the podcast homepage.

Episode transcript

This transcript was generated from podcast audio by an AI tool.

Sean Pyles:

Sure, you know how credit cards work. You probably have a pretty fancy one in your wallet right now that you're getting as many points from as possible. But what about the insider tips? Are you sure that you're up on those? Well, this episode, we've got you covered. Welcome to NerdWallet's Smart Money Podcast, where we help you make smarter financial decisions one money question at a time. I'm Sean Pyles.

Sara Rathner:

And I'm Sara Rathner.

Sean Pyles:

This episode, Sara and I talk with a listener about what paying off their student loans might do to their credit, including how it could impact their ability to get a good rate on a car loan.

Sara Rathner:

But first, Sean and I are giving you the inside scoop on some credit card secrets. Well, not exactly secrets per se, but things you probably didn't know about.

Sean Pyles:

Yep. In fact, we have five things that we're going to share with you. Before we get into them, I want to give a shout-out to NerdWallet writer Melissa Lambarena, whose article inspired this segment. Okay, diving into number one: your credit card issuer can change the terms of your account with little warning. Your perks, rewards rates, even your interest rates can change at the discretion of your credit card issuer. Benefits can change at any time with no warning, but your credit card issuer generally has to give you 45 days notice if your interest rate changes. One big exception is when the Federal Reserve changes interest rates. In that case, your credit card APR may go up or down, and your issuer doesn't have to notify you about it.

Sara Rathner:

And this extends to closing your account too, or reducing your credit limit. If the credit card issuer wants to do so, they have the right to do that. Fun, right? All right, let's get to number two: your interest rate may be more flexible than you realize. Just like your credit card issuer can increase your interest rate if they want, they can also lower it. Now, they're not likely to do this unprompted just because they want to be nice, but you might be able to call the number on the back of your credit card and ask if your credit card company would be willing to lower your interest rate.

Sean Pyles:

This can be an especially helpful tactic if you're having a hard time making progress on paying off your credit card debt, which is a situation that a lot of people have found themselves in as the Federal Reserve has raised interest rates over the past couple of years.

Sara Rathner:

And just know that there's no guarantee that the credit card company will lower your rate, but try giving them a call and asking because the worst they could say is no. They're not going to raise your interest rate just because you asked.

Sean Pyles:

Just to punish you, yeah. No. Okay, now on to number three: that sweet sign-up bonus that inspired you to sign up for a new credit card in the first place? Turns out you might not qualify for it. You may run into this if you recently applied for a credit card with the same issuer. Chase, which is a NerdWallet partner, has what's known as the 5/24 rule. Essentially, Chase won't approve you for a new credit card if you've applied for five credit cards across any issuer within the last two years.

Sara Rathner:

You may also face limits on earning bonuses on cards from American Express, which is also a NerdWallet partner. In some cases, if you already had a certain card, you may be ineligible for a welcome offer on a different Amex card. In general, you'll find a card issuer's rules about this within the card's terms and conditions. It's a long, but I promise you, worthwhile read.

All right, number four: the value of your rewards may vary, especially for co-branded store credit cards or travel cards. The points you earn will be more valuable if you redeem them in certain ways compared to others. Like if you have a travel credit card, your points may be more valuable when redeemed for travel than if you redeem them for cash back or when you're checking out on Amazon.

Sean Pyles:

All right, onto our final tip: you may be able to upgrade or downgrade your credit card. In the industry, this is called a product change, and it can be really handy if, for example, you have a credit card that has an annual fee and you don't really want to pay that annual fee, but also don't want to cancel your credit card. You can call up your issuer, ask for a product change to a different card in their lineup that doesn't have an annual fee, and you should be good to go.

Sara Rathner:

You could also upgrade to a different card that has better perks, but that might mean taking on an annual fee. So just keep that in mind. Alright, that's all we have for credit card tips for now. We'll probably have a few more in the future, keeping them in our back pocket. So let's turn to our new Nerdy question of the month, which is, listener, what are you most excited about financially this summer? Sean, how about you start us off? What are you the most excited about?

Sean Pyles:

Well, I just used a bunch of credit card points, actually a sign-up bonus' worth of credit card points, to book a trip to Chicago to meet up with my twin sister for our birthday later this month. So I'm really excited to get back to the city that I called home for a number of years and get together with my twin and have so much fun in the sun. I'm also feeling great about it not costing me real dollars to get there. What about you, Sara?

Sara Rathner:

Well, my family joined a local pool this year, and it opens for the season in five days. I have my bathing suits ready to go in my drawer. We tested it out last summer for a much lower cost by joining friends as their guests. Joining a private pool is expensive, but I think it's going to bring us a lot of happiness.

Sean Pyles:

Yeah, that sounds really nice. So listener, we would love to hear what you are most excited about financially this summer. Maybe you're finally buying your first home or the date that you'll be out of credit card debt is coming up.

Sara Rathner:

Or maybe you've been saving up cash and are excited to blow it on a great summer vacation. I am a fan of that. Share it with us by leaving us a voicemail or texting the Nerd hotline at (901) 730-6373. That's (901) 730-N-E-R-D. Or email us a voice memo at [email protected].

Sean Pyles:

And while you're at it, listener, send us your money questions. Maybe you know what you want to do with your money this summer but you aren't sure how to do it. Well, we Nerds can help. You can email us your question or send it to us on the Nerd hotline.

Sara Rathner:

Now let's move on to our conversation with a listener.

Sean Pyles:

We are back and answering your real-world money questions to help you make smarter financial decisions. This episode, we're joined by a listener, Xay, who lives in Minnesota and has some questions about paying off their student loans and how that might impact their ability to finance a car. Xay, welcome to Smart Money.

Xay:

Hi. Thank you for having me. I'm excited to listen and hear everything you all have to offer for me as I think about my decisions.

Sean Pyles:

Of course. So Xay, before we get into the conversation, a quick reminder that we're not here to give you individualized personal finance advice. Our goal is to give you the information that you need so you can make the most informed financial decision possible for your situation. Does that make sense?

Xay:

Yes, thank you.

Sean Pyles:

Perfect.

Sara Rathner:

Alright, so we know that you're getting close to paying off your student loans, which is awesome, but you are worried about whether this bit of good financial news might actually harm your credit score. So before we get into all of that, can you talk to us about your financial situation in general right now? What are some of your financial goals, pain points, and what's your credit score?

Xay:

My credit score is upper 700, so 783, that kind of range. Pain points, I think credit cards, but I know that that's ongoing and so I'm not too worried about that, but I'm really excited to purchase a new car. I've been with my car for a really long time and want to get a new one, and so I'm trying to save up for a car. And then very interested in getting a house eventually. And so I want to get a car first before I get a house. And so that's part of the financial plan that I'm trying to work with and figuring out what's the best next step.

Sean Pyles:

And you're also planning to pay off your student loans within the year, right?

Xay:

Yes, I am, which is super exciting. It's been too long. But of course, it's my longest relationship in terms of credit, and so I do feel nervous about, "Oh my gosh, if they close this account, does it shift or change my credit score?"

Sean Pyles:

I understand that concern entirely as someone who's getting close to paying off their student loans as well. And I'll be paying off my own car loan within the year, so I've been wondering how that might impact my credit. But the truth is that paying off a loan may lower your credit score, which can be a little bit frustrating. It's also difficult to say precisely how paying off a loan might impact your credit score because there are so many factors that go into any individual's credit score. If you want an estimate, I would recommend playing with NerdWallet's credit score simulator, and that can just show you how different actions might change your score one way or another. Just know that even though it's not uncommon for paying off your student loans to maybe make your credit score drop a little bit, it's likely to just be a temporary dip. And given that your credit score is in the high 700s, I don't think it'll be too catastrophic to your ability to get a good deal on a car.

Xay:

Thank you for that. That's good to know. I'll have to check out the simulator.

Sean Pyles:

Yeah, it's kind of fun to play with. I know it's a little bit nerdy to even say that, but it's just cool to see how you might be able to tweak your score one way or another depending on certain actions.

Sara Rathner:

You mentioned credit cards as a pain point for you as well. Do you also carry debt on credit cards?

Xay:

I do, but it's less stressful for me, and it's a part of building my relationship too with other credit card companies aside from the relationship I have with my school loans. And so, I'm working through that, and I think that it's a healthier relationship than I would say the start of my college years or something like that. And so I feel like I'm at an age where I'm more financially responsible.

Sean Pyles:

Have you thought about what a potential plan might be for paying off your credit cards?

Xay:

It would be helpful to actually write it out and be like, "Okay, this is how much I should plan for." I think for me, what's helped is, every time I get a bill, I know to not just pay the minimum, but I pay more than the minimum, as much as I can, to work my way down from the credit card. And so that's been helpful. But of course, I would love to jump on Excel and map out like, "Hey, what does it look like and what's the interest rate and how is it impacting me throughout the time?" I think any resources you have for that would be wonderful for me.

Sean Pyles:

Well, one thing that might actually help with getting your credit score in the best position possible for a good auto rate is thinking about paying off your credit cards a little bit more, maybe getting the balances lower because of what's called your credit utilization. That's basically the amount of your available credit that you're using and that translates to your debt-to-income ratio, which auto lenders and mortgage lenders as well will be concerned about when they are considering what type of rate to give you.

Xay:

That's good to know.

Sara Rathner:

Yeah, lenders to make sure, one, that you're making on-time payments for all of your bills and debt obligations, but also does it look to them as if maybe you're a little bit in over your head when it comes to how much debt you have every month versus how much money you're bringing in as income. And so, lowering that debt total while keeping your income the same or even increasing your income is something that can work in your favor potentially when it comes to looking at applying for new loans.

Xay:

Wonderful. Yeah, I think these are all really helpful to know. Even the increase in your income.

Sara Rathner:

Yeah, always. Yeah, it's funny because we always talk a lot about cutting spending as a way to apply more money towards debt payments and other goals and savings, but that's just one half of it. It's also about the money that you're bringing in. And so, if there is potential there to increase income, then that's definitely worth pursuing for so many reasons, but also because it makes it easier to pay down your debt.

Xay:

That's wonderful. Yeah, looking at some side hustles or something.

Sara Rathner:

Yeah, side hustles, promotions, ask for a raise at work, all sorts of good things.

Xay:

Yeah, I think so often we think about like, "Oh, how do I cut down on my spending? Maybe I don't need that extra coffee, this and that." And then there's always the option to make more income to really support it versus trying to think about the deficit mindset. And so, I think that's really helpful to just reframe.

Sean Pyles:

Yeah, and the coffee part is so funny too. It seems like everyone latches onto that as like, "Oh, yes, one less coffee a week will mean that I suddenly have all this more money to pay off my debt when often it's the bigger things that we can do that have the greatest impact on our ability to save for retirement or pay off debt, like increasing your income and also making sure that debt that we do take on, like an auto loan, isn't too expensive. Because for many people, especially in the past few years, auto loans have become just enormous. We're talking upward of 40, $50,000 depending on the car that you're getting. And that can really inhibit your ability to meet other long-term goals like build up that down payment for the house that you want.

Xay:

Yeah, I think even in this conversation, what I'm realizing is how much scaffolding has to happen just to get to that part of like, "Oh, okay, yeah, great, I'm going to pay off my school loan, but actually now I should target the credit cards too, so that when I do get a car loan, my debt ratio is good, they're more willing to give a different amount of interest rate for me. It'll then help me still be able to save for a house." What I don't want to happen is I'm buying a house and a car at the same time.

Sara Rathner:

I mean, a lot of people do that, and it's hard, because maybe you're relocating from a more urban area to an area where they need to be a little bit more car-dependent. And so they didn't necessarily own a car when they lived in a city and then they move to a more suburban area and suddenly they need one or even two cars right at the time that they're just beginning to pay for the mortgage. And they've just paid the down payment and other closing costs as well, so it's been a very bank-draining time... bank account-draining time I should say, and suddenly you have these one to two other major expenses that are necessary. And it's not easy. It's not easy to plan for something like that, but it's a very common issue.

Xay:

Mm-hmm. Mm-hmm.

Sean Pyles:

Well, I would recommend playing around with something like NerdWallet's 50/30/20 budget calculator to see how getting an auto loan might impact your budget. Because ideally you'd be able to go from having an amount of money going towards your student loans and then direct that into your auto loan, so it almost is like a net and you're just going at zero. But we know that's not how things work all the time. You might end up having to have a greater monthly car payment than you're paying in student loans. So just get a feel for that beforehand so you understand what it might mean for your budget and where you might need to cut back or where you might even be able to save more money.

Xay:

Yeah, yeah, that's a great suggestion. I'll have to check it out for sure.

Sean Pyles:

One thing that strikes me is that your question is really a question about timing as well. You're trying to figure out when to get an auto loan as it relates to paying off your student loan. So currently, what are you thinking about timing? Do you need a new car in the coming six months or so? Could it last you a little bit longer? What have you thought about that?

Xay:

Yeah, no, that's a great question. I think it could last a little bit longer. I think it just feels a little inconvenient for my current job because it's a smaller car and I have a job where we go tabling and do different events and need to have more space. But obviously, there's other solutions around that as well. And definitely waiting a little bit longer sounds like the more financially responsible thing to do and probably better timing as well. Thank you for that.

Sean Pyles:

I do want to just quickly touch on general credit building tips. We know at NerdWallet that tried and true tactics like making on-time payments, that's the single biggest factor that impacts your credit score. So continuing to do that on your credit cards, your student loans when you're still paying them off, and your future auto loan will be able to enable you to have the best credit score that you can going forward. And also, in general, there are products that can help you build credit. Seems like you may be beyond that. So if you know someone who's just beginning to build their credit for the first time, something like a secured credit card or a credit builder loan can be really beneficial in this space. NerdWallet happens to offer both a secured credit card and a new credit builder loan called NerdBuild, and there are a lot of other great companies that offer those as well. We'll have a link in our show notes post about how you can use products to build your credit.

Sara Rathner:

When we talk about how paying off a debt can potentially dip your credit temporarily, but many people do notice a drop in their credit score when they pay off a debt and get it off of their plate. I mean, we would like to acknowledge how cruddy that feels because you're doing everything right by paying down debt, and then it feels like you're getting penalized for it instead of rewarded. And so, let's talk a little bit about why you might see once you do pay off your student loan, and then in the future if you have an auto loan, once you pay that off, once you pay off credit card debt, why you might actually see the unexpected happen, which is that your credit score takes a bit of a dip for probably about a couple of months.

That's because one of the factors that goes into calculating your credit score is what's called your mix of credit. That's where you have a mix of what are called revolving debts, which is credit cards, which is a debt that you can continue to add onto while you're paying it off. And then also installment loans, like a student loan or an auto loan where you borrow one sum of money, you don't add onto it, you just simply make payments toward that loan until it's paid off entirely. And lenders like to see that mix. And so, when something comes off of that list, they knock you down a little bit, and then you move on from it. It is a little bit of a mystery how that works. Credit score calculations, they kind of happen in this black box, and it's not a knock on your character or who you are or that you've done the wrong thing, it's merely just how the math shakes out.

So I would say to anybody who's in this situation, you might be in this situation, Xay, in the near future, just know that this is not a permanent drop. You have made a financial move that could benefit you in the long-term by getting this debt off of your plate. Credit score is one financial factor that's considered when you're looking to borrow additional money for some purpose. It's not the only thing that's taken into account. Other financial information is also taken into account as well. And if you're looking for a loan, it's helpful to shop around and maybe compare a couple of different options. NerdWallet has great comparison tools for this, but you can look at banks, credit unions, online lenders. And when you walk into, say, a car dealership, you're already armed with information, with a loan pre-approval. So when the dealer offers financing, you come from a really strong negotiation point.

Sean Pyles:

One thing I want to add on to what Sara mentioned around what's going on with your credit score behind the scenes is that it can be helpful to remember that even though you are the one paying off this loan and your credit score may change accordingly, in some ways it's not about you, it's about what lenders want to see from potential customers. So back when credit scores were first created, we consumers were actually never supposed to see them. They are for businesses to understand how risky they think we might be to lend to based on previous credit data. So when something like a loan is no longer active on your credit report, you have fewer data points coming in. As a result of that, it can be harder for them to estimate your riskiness. It's nothing about you. So I always try to have a certain level of remove from the number of my credit score, what it is today, and how I am behaving as a consumer, doing the best that I can on a daily basis to keep it in good shape.

Sara Rathner:

So let's talk a little bit about your potential new car. Let's start really broad. Just tell us a little bit about what kind of car are you thinking about shopping around for?

Xay:

Yeah, yeah. It feels amazing to be like, "Let me just dream."

Sara Rathner:

Yeah, this is the fun part. This is like an ideal world, what car just lands in your driveway or your parking spot or in front of your house or whatever?

Xay:

A car with wings.

Sara Rathner:

Yeah, a jetpack.

Xay:

Yeah, yeah, some transportation device. I've been looking at smaller SUVs. I'm actually a lot shorter, so driving a big car is scary for me. But like I said earlier, I'm needing to be able to transport more things than my little car, and so I've been looking at the midsize, smaller SUVs, like a CR-V or even looking at Mazda, Mazda 6, Mazda 7. Those have looked really nice too, RAV4. So kind of looking at that kind of car. And I do want it to be a little bit newer because I want it to last me longer, and so anything in the 2020s and above will be... Yeah.

Sean Pyles:

But potentially a used car, right?

Xay:

Yeah. Used car, maybe a new car. I'll go test drive a couple of those just to see, but something that'll last me longer.

Sean Pyles:

Well, as we all know, the idea of buying a new car can be extremely exciting and it can be really easy to get caught up in the momentum of it. I always like to urge caution and say, before you go into the dealership, know how much you want to spend really before you even shop at all. Because it's so easy to buy a car that's more expensive than you can really afford, and you might just fall in love with a car on the lot or maybe even get pressured into taking on a larger loan than you want at the dealership. So get really clear on that with yourself. Play around with your budget like we discussed earlier, and have an understanding of what total amount of car you would want to buy. And then think about what that might mean on a monthly basis.

A lot of dealerships will actually put their financing in terms of monthly only, but then they extend it out for months and months and months and you end up paying a lot for a car loan over its entire term. So be really mindful of that too. Doing this before you go into a dealership gives you so much leverage in negotiations because they might be able to actually offer you a better rate on the loan than what you got from somewhere else, and they might know that you have other options to choose from. So you have more cards in your hand at that point. And also, I wanted to ask you, are you a member of a credit union?

Xay:

I am, of two.

Sean Pyles:

Okay, great. Well, that gives you two places you can shop around from really easily. Credit unions tend to have very competitive auto financing rates, and they can pre-approve you pretty quickly because they already have a lot of your financial information.

Sara Rathner:

And I'd say don't be afraid to walk out of a dealership if they are, I don't know, hemming and hawing and being difficult. Vote with your feet. They'll come running after you. They'll keep calling you. But part of the power that you have as the shopper, as the consumer is if it doesn't feel like a good situation, just leave. There are other car dealerships. And that gives you a lot of power as well, so don't be afraid to do that.

Xay:

Awesome. That's so affirming to hear that, to be like, "Yeah, you still have choice."

Sara Rathner:

Yeah, you can play the mind games right back at them. Turn the tables a little bit.

Sean Pyles:

Okay. Well, Xay, I know we've talked about a few different parts of your finances and what you might want to do with your credit score and your loans going forward, so I'd love to hear after this how you're feeling about your finances. Do you think you know how you'll time paying off your student loans and getting an auto loan?

Xay:

Yeah, no, this is super helpful for me. I think, one, just to be able to talk about it, I'm like, "Oh my gosh, it feels good." But the second part is, like I said earlier, it sounds like I have to scaffold a little bit more, but at least I know now to say, "Okay, as I'm paying off my school loans, how do I start upping more of the credit card payments too so I could bring that down?" And then from that, really thinking about my relationship with my credit unions and to say, "Okay, when I'm ready, how do I give myself enough time if it's that two-week window to go and get pre-approved?" And then have a number of like, "This is the amount of money that I am planning to spend on a car." And so probably go play around with the calculator that you are sharing earlier and then go just check out some of the cars and know that I have a choice to walk away if it doesn't work out.

Sean Pyles:

Great. Well, you're in a really exciting position right now, so please keep us posted on how this all goes for you.

Xay:

Absolutely. Thank you so much.

Sean Pyles:

Great. Well, Xay, thanks for joining us on Smart Money.

Xay:

My pleasure.

Sean Pyles:

And that's all we have for this episode. Remember, listener, that we are here for you and your money questions, so send them our way. You can call or text us on the Nerd hotline at (901) 730-6373. That's (901) 730-N-E-R-D. You can also email us at [email protected]. Also, visit www.nerdwallet.com/podcast for more info on this episode. And remember to follow, rate, and review us wherever you're getting this podcast.

Sara Rathner:

This episode was produced by Tess Vigeland, who also helped with editing. Sara Brink mixed our audio. And a big thank you to NerdWallet's editors for all their help. And here's our brief disclaimer: we're not financial or investment advisors. This nerdy info is provided for general educational and entertainment purposes and may not apply to your specific circumstances.

Sean Pyles:

And with that said, until next time, turn to the Nerds.