Rates and access to money are two key factors when deciding between a regular savings account and a standard certificate of deposit. For higher rates, standard CDs win. For increased access to your funds, savings accounts are better.
That’s where no-penalty CDs come into play. They offer fixed rates and, unlike standard CDs, the flexibility to make one free withdrawal. But a savings account might be appealing for the ability to grow your money with ongoing contributions and more consistently pull money out. Here’s a closer look at how to make your decision.
- A no-penalty CD, much like a standard CD, comes with a fixed rate and term length. That means that you are guaranteed that rate for the duration of the certificate’s term length. The key difference: You can withdraw the cash once without losing any money (there are no partial withdrawals). Standard CDs, meanwhile, charge early withdrawal penalties. The best rates on no-penalty CDs tend to be comparable to those of online savings accounts.
- A standard CD locks money away for a specified term in exchange for a fixed rate that is typically higher than that of a no-penalty CD or a savings account, including high-yield options at online banks. As with no-penalty CDs, you can’t add more money to a standard CD over time. If you want to withdraw money from it before the term length is up, you must pay a penalty that’s generally several months’ to a year’s worth of interest.
- A savings account earns interest and lets you add and withdraw money over time, although there are limits. (Read more about those limits in NerdWallet’s article about Regulation D). Savings rates are not fixed; they are variable and can change at any time. Remember: CDs have fixed rates, which protect you in falling-rate environments.
When to choose a no-penalty CD
You want a fixed rate. Like other CDs, no-penalty CDs have fixed rates that can benefit you if banks drop their annual percentage yields (APYs) on savings accounts.
You want more flexibility than a standard CD but don’t need regular access to funds. No-penalty CDs usually restrict you from dipping into savings with an all-or-nothing rule: When you withdraw, you have to take out the full amount. The account would then close.
» Ready to compare? See our list of the best no-penalty CD rates
Here’s a quick comparison of several top no-penalty CD rates:
When to choose a savings account
You plan to gradually build up your savings. An important part of saving money is contributing more to an account over time, and a savings account is built for this. You can’t add more funds to a no-penalty CD after the initial deposit. (Check out NerdWallet’s article on how to make a savings plan for more details.)
You want the flexibility to make withdrawals. You don’t need to plan when you’ll need money in the future since savings accounts let you withdraw up to six times per month.
» Want to see more? Check out our best high-yield savings accounts
At a glance: No-penalty CD vs. savings account
|No-penalty CD||Savings account|
|Rates at three online banks||
|Key advantages||Fixed rate and no penalties||Easy access and ability to add contributions|
|Withdrawal limits||One withdrawal (which usually ends the account)||Six per month (see more details about Reg D)|
|Term length||Short-term, usually around one year||N/A|
At a glance: No-penalty CD vs high-yield CD
Here’s another look at how no-penalty CDs differ from high-yield CDs, which are standard CDs that have some of the best rates.
|No-penalty CD||High-yield CD|
|Rates at three online banks||
|Key advantages||Free to withdraw whenever, after the first week the CD is funded||Offers the highest CD rates. (See current yields.)|
|Common term length||Close to a year||From three months to five years|
|Early withdrawal penalty||None||Varies, but generally several months' to a year's worth of interest. (See more details on penalties by bank.)|
Bottom line: Choose the right balance
When considering your next savings vehicle, both a no-penalty CD and a savings account can offer you high rates and flexibility. Choose the option that can bring you closer to your goals.