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Georgia Income Tax: Rates, Who Pays in 2023-2024

Georgia has six income tax rates for the 2023 tax year, ranging from 1% to 5.75%. In 2024, the state will transition to a flat tax rate of 5.49%.
June Sham
By June Sham 
Updated
Edited by Arielle O'Shea

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Georgia has six state income tax rates that range from 1% to 5.75% for the 2023 tax year. Which bracket you fall into and how much income tax you might pay depends on factors such as your marital status, residency and taxable income. 

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Georgia state income tax rates and tax brackets

For 2023 (tax returns filed in 2024), Georgia has six state income tax rates: 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 5% and 5.75%. The tax rate(s) that apply to you depend on taxable income and filing status.

GA income tax rates: Single filers

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

1%

$0 to $750.

1% of taxable income.

2%

$751 to $2,250.

$8 plus 2% of the amount over $750.

3%

$2,251 to $3,750.

$38 plus 3% of the amount over $3,750.

4%

$3,751 to $5,250.

$83 plus 4% of the amount over $5,250.

5%

$5,251 to $7,000.

$143 plus 5% of the amount over $5,250.

5.75%

$7,001 or more.

$230 plus 5.75% of the amount over $7,000.

GA income tax rates: Married filing jointly or head of household

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

1%

$0 to $1,000.

1% of taxable income.

2%

$1,001 to $3,000.

$10 plus 2% of the amount over $1,000.

3%

$3,001 to $5,000.

$50 plus 3% of the amount over $3,000.

4%

$5,001 to $7,000.

$110 plus 4% of the amount over $5,000.

5%

$7,001 to $10,000.

$190 plus 5% of the amount over $7,000.

5.75%

$10,001 or more.

$340 plus 5.75% of the amount over $10,000.

GA income tax rates: Married filing separately

Tax rate

Taxable income bracket

Tax owed

1%

$0 to $500.

1% of taxable income.

2%

$501 to $1,500.

$5 plus 2% of the amount over $500.

3%

$1,501 to $2,500.

$25 plus 3% of the amount over $1,500.

4%

$2,501 to $3,500.

$55 plus 4% of the amount over $2,500.

5%

$3,501 to $5,000.

$95 plus 5% of the amount over $3,500.

5.75%

$5,001 or more.

$170 plus 5.75% of the amount over $5,000.

Do I have to pay Georgia state income tax?

If you are a full-time resident of Georgia, you may need to file a Georgia state income tax return if any of the following apply:

  • You are required to file a federal tax return. (Learn more about who needs to file a return.)

  • You have income that is subject to Georgia income tax but not to federal income tax.

  • Your income exceeds the following thresholds:

GA income tax filing thresholds

Single, head of household, qualifying widow/er

Below the age of 65

$8,100.

Below the age of 65 and blind

$9,400.

Age 65 or older

$9,400.

Age 65 or older and blind

$10,700.

Married filing jointly

Both spouses below the age of 65

$14,500.

One spouse below the age of 65

$15,800.

Both spouses below the age of 65 and both blind

$17,100.

Both spouses below the age of 65 and one spouse blind

$15,800.

Both spouses are 65 or older

$17,100.

One spouse age 65 or older and one spouse blind

$17,100.

One spouse age 65 or older and both spouses blind

$18,400.

Both spouses 65 or older and both spouses blind

$19,700.

Married filing separately

Below the age of 65

$7,250.

Below the age of 65 and blind

$8,550.

Age 65 or older

$8,550.

Age 65 or older and blind

$9,850.

In certain scenarios, part-year residents or nonresidents who earn income in Georgia may also need to file a state return as well. See the full rules on the Georgia State Department of Revenue website

Georgia Department of Revenue. Filing Requirements. Accessed Dec 20, 2023.

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What is my Georgia residency status for state income tax purposes?

Georgia has three types of residency statuses. Your income tax amount may be calculated differently depending on which applies to you. 

Resident status rules

Individuals whose legal residence is Georgia and who reside in the state year-round are considered full-time residents. This is the case even if they live outside of the state temporarily.  

Part-year resident status rules

Those who are legal residents of Georgia for only some of the tax year are considered part-year residents. Part-year residents will use Georgia Form 500 Individual Income Tax Return if they are required to file a Georgia income tax return.

Nonresident status rules

Nonresidents who live in other states but earn certain types of income from Georgia may also be required to file a state income tax return. Some examples include: 

  • Wages. 

  • Income from flow-through entities such as S-corporations, partnerships, LLCs, trusts and estates.

  • Rent.

What is Georgia's standard deduction?

The standard deduction allows taxpayers to reduce their taxable income by a fixed amount. The Georgia state standard deductions for tax year 2023 (taxes filed in 2024) are:

  • Single: $5,400.

  • Married filing jointly: $7,100.

  • Head of household: $5,400.

  • Married filing separately: $3,550.

  • Qualifying Widow/er: $5,400.

Those who are 65 or older and/or blind get an additional standard deduction of $1,300

Georgia Department of Revenue. 2023 IT-511 Individual Income Tax Booklet. Accessed Dec 20, 2023.
.

What's the tax filing deadline for my Georgia state income tax bill?

The deadline for filing and paying Georgia state income taxes is April 15, 2024. the same as the federal due date. If you request an extension, the deadline is Oct. 15, 2024. 

There are two ways that Georgia grants extensions:

  1. If you apply for a federal tax extension by the tax day, Georgia automatically grants you an extension for your state income tax as well. Just remember to attach the confirmation of Form 4868 or the IRS approval when you file your state return.

  2. If you just need an extension for your Georgia return, you can file Form IT-303 with the department of revenue before the April deadline.

Remember, an extension gives you more time to file, not pay. Make sure to estimate your tax and submit your payment before or by tax day to avoid accruing penalties and fees

Georgia Department of Revenue. Requesting an Extension. Accessed Dec 20, 2023.
.

2024 Georgia state income tax changes

In 2024, Georgia will simplify its tax system by transitioning to a flat tax rate structure. Instead of taxing income at multiple rates, the bracket system will be retired, and the five existing tax rates will be consolidated into one. The 2024 Georgia income tax rate will be 5.49%

Georgia Department of Revenue. 2023 IT-511 Individual Income Tax Booklet. Accessed Dec 20, 2023.
. This change affects income earned in 2024, which is reported on state tax returns in 2025.

» Dive deeper: How tax brackets work

5 things to know about Georgia state tax

  1.  First-time Georgia tax filers, or those who haven't filed taxes in more than five years, receive their refund as a paper check. 

  2. Georgia taxpayers looking for free or low-cost federal and state tax filing options can use the state's Free File Alliance to see if they qualify for different vendors. 

  3. Those who want help filing taxes can use IRS programs such as Volunteer Income Tax Assistance and Tax Counseling for the Elderly.

  4. Wondering where your Georgia refund is? You can check your state refund status online.

  5. If you are unable to pay your tax bill in one lump sum, you can request to pay in installments through the Georgia Department of Revenue. 

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