Roth IRA Calculator

A Roth IRA is powerful tax-advantaged way to save for retirement. Use this free calculator to find out how much your Roth IRA contributions could be worth at retirement, calculate your estimated maximum annual contribution, and find out what you would save in taxes. If you want to learn more about Roths and see if they're right for you, see our complete Roth IRA guide.

Roth IRA Balance at Retirement

$1.22M
Standard Taxable Account
Roth IRA
Based on age
,
an income of
and current savings of
You will need about
$6,650
/month
in retirement
Your IRA will contribute
$2,781
/month
in retirement at your current savings rate
Your tax savings will be
$852,127
when you retire
Tweak your numbers below



You can boost your retirement savings in just a few steps. Create an account to reduce your bills, eliminate debt and grow your money.

IRA definitions

Roth IRA

A Roth IRA is a tax-advantaged individual retirement account. Contributions to a Roth IRA are made after tax, and money grows tax-free. As long as you follow the rules for Roth IRA distributions, you’ll pay no income tax when you take your money out in retirement.

This is in stark contrast to the tax treatment of a traditional IRA and a 401(k); both of those accounts earn you a tax deduction on contributions, but distributions in retirement are taxed as income.

A Roth IRA isn’t itself an investment, but an account through which you can buy investments. Most Roth IRAs will give you access to a large investment selection, including individual stocks, bonds and mutual funds. The investments you select should be based on your risk tolerance and time horizon.

Annual contribution limits

An annual contribution limit is the maximum amount of contributions you can make to an IRA in a year.

The total annual contribution limit for the Roth IRA is currently $6,000, with an additional catch-up contribution of up to $1,000 allowed for people 50 or older. That limit applies to both Roth and traditional IRA accounts; if you have both, you can contribute a total of up to $6,000 ($7,000 if 50 or older).

Roth IRA income limits 2021 and 2022

The IRA income limit refers to the amount of money you can make before the Roth IRA maximum annual contribution begins to phase down, and the ability to contribute to a Roth IRA is eliminated completely.

Filing status

2021 MAGI

2022 MAGI

Maximum annual contribution

Single, head of household or married filing separately (if you didn't live with spouse during year)

Less than $125,000

Less than $129,000

$6,000 ($7,000 if 50 or older)

$125,000 up to $140,000

$129,000 up to $144,000

Contribution is reduced

$140,000 or more

$144,000 or more

No contribution allowed

Married filing jointly or qualifying widow(er)

Less than $198,000

Less than $204,000

$6,000 ($7,000 if 50 or older)

$198,000 up to $208,000

$204,000 up to $214,000

Contribution is reduced

$208,000 or more

$214,000 or more

No contribution allowed

Married filing separately (if you lived with spouse at any time during year)

Less than $10,000

Less than $10,000

Contribution is reduced

$10,000 or more

$10,000 or more

No contribution allowed

Retirement age

Your retirement age is the age you hope to retire. The full retirement age ranges from 65-67 depending on your year of birth.

Expected rate of return

The annual rate of return is the amount the investments in your Roth IRA make in a year. The Roth IRA calculator defaults to a 6% rate of return, which should be adjusted to reflect the expected annual return of your investments.

Roth IRA distributions

An IRA distribution or required minimum distribution is the amount the IRS requires you to withdraw from your IRA once you turn 72 (70 ½ if you turn 70 ½ before January 1, 2020). While RMDs are legally required for traditional IRAs and Roth 401(k) plans, they aren’t required for Roth IRAs.

Investment earnings

Investment earnings refer to any gains you’ve made on investments in your Roth IRA.

In general, to withdraw investment earnings from your Roth IRA, the account must be at least five years old and you must be 59 ½ or older. The five-year clock starts Jan. 1 of the year you made your first contribution.

With a few exceptions, all other withdrawals of earnings may be taxed as income and, in some cases, penalized with an additional 10% tax. Here’s a full rundown of the rules for Roth IRAs.

Roth IRA alternatives

If you’re not eligible to contribute at all, there are several other tax-advantaged ways to save for retirement.

  • If you have a 401(k) or other retirement plan at work: We'd suggest using that as your primary retirement account. You can contribute up to $19,500 per year in 2021 and $20,500 in 2022 (with an additional $6,500 as a catch-up contribution for those 50 or older). Some employers even offer a Roth version of the 401(k) with no income limits. You can also contribute up to $6,000 ($7,000 if you're 50 or older) to a nondeductible traditional IRA. Why nondeductible? Because the IRS limits the ability to deduct traditional IRA contributions at certain income levels for investors who also have access to a 401(k). But your contributions to a nondeductible traditional IRA will still grow tax-deferred. And if you'd like, you can take advantage of a backdoor Roth IRA: The IRS allows you to convert after-tax money in a traditional IRA into a Roth IRA (if there’s any pre-tax money in your IRA, you’ll likely owe income tax on at least a portion of your conversion). These conversions are not subject to income limitations.

  • If you don't have a retirement plan at work: If you're single and don’t have a workplace retirement plan, or you’re married and neither you nor your spouse has a 401(k), you can make deductible contributions to a traditional IRA. You'll get a tax deduction for your contributions, and your money will grow tax-deferred. Distributions will be taxed in retirement. If your spouse has a 401(k) or other workplace plan and you exceed the IRA income limits, you can’t deduct contributions to a traditional IRA. You can contribute after-tax money to the traditional IRA, then use the backdoor Roth IRA mentioned above by converting the traditional IRA into a Roth IRA.

For more, check out our complete guide to Roth IRAs.