|Term life insurance will pay out whether the death is due to natural causes or an accident.|
|Accidental death and dismemberment insurance pays out only if a death is accidental (like a car crash), or you suffer a severe injury, such as losing a limb.|
|If you want to ensure your family gets a life insurance payout after your death, choose life insurance, not AD&D.|
You might think your life insurance needs are covered with an accidental death and dismemberment policy, but that’s not the case.
Term life insurance and accidental death and dismemberment insurance, or AD&D, are two very different types of policies. Knowing the difference is crucial to buying the right coverage for your needs.
Term life insurance
Term life insurance is basic coverage that pays out if you die within a specific time period — regardless of the cause of death. It will pay out whether you die of an illness, accident or other cause. The only exception is suicide, which is usually not covered within the first two years of owning the policy. (Your policy will have the exact details.)
With term life insurance, you choose the amount of coverage and the policy length.
Term lengths typically range from 10 to 30 years. If you die after the term ends, there’s no payout because the policy has expired. You can renew or purchase a new policy at the end of your term, but your life insurance rates will be higher than before because you’ll be older — and even higher if you’ve developed medical conditions like high blood pressure.
» COMPARE: NerdWallet’s life insurance comparison tool
Accidental death and dismemberment
AD&D insurance can be purchased at work, as a standalone product or as a rider on a life insurance policy.
Unlike term life insurance, AD&D policies pay out for a death only if you are killed or injured in an accident. For example:
- If you die from a heart attack or cancer, there’s no payout.
- If you die in a car crash, there’s a full payout of the policy’s face amount.
To qualify for a payout for injury, you must lose a body part or the ability to hear, see or speak. If you suffer an injury, the policy generally pays out only part of the full benefit.
The exact payouts will be listed in your policy. For example, an AD&D policy from Sun Life Financial offers these payouts, among others, as a percentage of the policy’s face value:
- Loss of both speech and hearing: 100%
- Loss of sight in one eye: 50%
- Loss of arm or leg: 50%
- Loss of thumb and index finger: 25%
Limitations of AD&D
While AD&D insurance may seem like a good idea, ask yourself if it’s really worth the money.
First, the chances dying of from an illness are greater than the chances of dying from an accident. Among the leading causes of death, accidents are No. 4, after heart disease, cancer and chronic lower-respiratory diseases, according to 2014 data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
And if you die because of an accident but not right away, your beneficiaries might not see any benefits. To collect on an AD&D policy, it must be proved that a death or injury was directly caused by the accident or within a certain time frame after it occurred, usually three months.
AD&D policies often exclude deaths due to high-risk activities such as skydiving or car racing. And deaths caused by a drug overdose, drunken driving (by the insured person), war, complications from surgery, mental illness, suicide or certain other circumstances likely won’t be covered.
Therefore, if your goal is to provide your family with a financial safety net if you die, life insurance is the right purchase. AD&D could be a good supplemental policy if you already own life insurance, especially If you can get AD&D free through your employer.
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