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Need your tax transcript? You can easily get a free copy by creating or logging into your online IRS account. You can also get tax transcripts from the IRS by making a request via phone or mail, but the agency's online portal is the quickest way for most people to retrieve certain tax records.
Tax transcripts can be used to show proof of income to lenders, such as when you apply for a mortgage or an auto loan. You can also use a tax transcript to see detailed information on your previous tax returns. If you file estimated taxes, tax transcripts can help you figure out how much you’ll need to pay in the future.
How to get an IRS tax transcript
Requesting an IRS tax transcript online
If you have an online IRS account, you can simply log in to your account and navigate to the "Tax Records" tab. There you'll be able to select, view or download the tax transcript you need.
If you don't have an existing IRS account, you can still request a transcript online by navigating to the IRS' Get Transcript web page to create an account. It's helpful to have a few things handy, such as your Social Security number, access to your preferred email address and a photo ID, before you begin.
Requesting an IRS tax transcript via phone
Call the IRS at 800-908-9946.
The transcript will be sent to you in the mail.
Orders typically take 5 to 10 days to process.
Requesting an IRS tax transcript by mail
Navigate to the IRS' Get Transcript web page and click on the "Get Transcript by Mail" button to begin your request. You'll need to supply your Social Security number, date of birth and address.
Per the IRS, orders will be mailed within 5–10 business days.
Types of tax transcripts
However you decide to make your request, it's a good idea to make sure you know exactly what you need. There are five different kinds of tax transcripts you can get from the IRS.
1. Tax return transcript
What it contains: A tax return transcript shows most line items, including AGI, from your tax return.
What it's used for: It usually works for mortgages, financial aid and student loan lenders, but it doesn’t show changes made after you filed your original return.
How far back you can go: You can request one for the current tax year as well as the prior three years.
2. Tax account transcript
What it contains: A tax account transcript shows basic data such as return type, marital status, AGI, taxable income and payment type.
What it's used for: It's helpful in confirming that estimated tax payments were applied, and it also shows changes made after you filed your original return.
How far back you can go: You can request it for the current tax year and up to 9 prior years (if requesting online or with Form 4506-T) or up to three years (if requesting by mail or phone).
3. Record of account transcript
What it contains: A record of account transcript combines the tax return transcript and the tax account transcript.
How far back you can go: You can request it for the current tax year and up to three prior years.
4. Wage and income transcript
How far back you can go: You can request it for the current tax year and up to 9 prior years (if requesting online or with Form 4506-T). The current tax year information may not be up until July.
5. Verification of non-filing letter
What it contains: A verification of non-filing letter shows proof that the IRS has no record of a 1040 for a particular year. Note that it does not indicate whether you were required to file a return for that given year.
How far back you can go: You can request it for the current tax year and up to three prior years online. However, if letters for older years are needed, you must submit Form 4506-T.
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How do I get a copy of my actual tax return?
IRS tax transcripts are not photocopies of your actual tax return with all the forms and attachments.
If you want an actual copy of an old tax return, you’ll need to complete IRS Form 4506 and mail it to the IRS.
There’s a $43 fee for copies of tax returns (unless you live in a federally declared disaster area), and requests can take up to 75 days to process.